(1969). It is what gives meaning to their politics, economics, language, dietary, religion, philosophy, aesthetics, etc. Based on your study of this unit, identify the major components of natural environment. When awareness is created on how to utilize the environment, the orientation of people will change concerning conservation and proper utilization of the environment. Jones modified this submission by propounding claims of migration from Eastern Delta pinning it to the period of or before Portuguese contact with the region (1450-1550). There is no doubt that there is a moral bankruptcy in Nigeria as a result of cultural imperialism manifesting in wearing dresses that do not belong to Nigerian culture. 42, 6.7       Constitutional Developments. A right is a privilege. Thus, the gradual and painful struggle for freedom was concentrated on identifying and enumerating the rights, and not the moral obligations. ITA:  You might have thought about such names as Peul by the Wolf, Fula by the Bambara, Fellata by the Kanuris and Fulani by the Hausas. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. First, we want to say that you may or may not be part of these ethnic groups that either lived in centralized or segmented societies with a well-defined social, political and economic system. The language of the Igbo belongs to the Niger-Congo family. There are three versions of the origin of the Benin kingdom. The responsibility of the traditional rulers was to carry out colonial policies and tax collection under the supervision of the British officers. This account was later appropriated by new Oyo palace historians who expanded it to identify Nimrod as Lamurudu whom they now referred to as the father of Oduduwa, the acclaimed progenitor of the Yoruba. This is the Fulani ethnic group. 3.6:            Map showing Igbo areas. This, however, is predicated on government’s approval of such an application. Bribery and corruption take place in the process of obtaining a legitimate official service or right. identify the major components of the natural environments; enumerate the causes of environmental problems, and. These include the Yoruba, the Ndoki, Oduel, Urhobo, Bini, Itsekiri and Isoko among others, Urhobo and Isoko in this zone are the only two belonging to the Kwa family. Fifth, they wanted the ports, water ways, roads, railways, and air spaces for transportation and imperial communication systems. Enumerate some of these processes. Yoruba settlement had the Oba’s palace in the centre. Our solutions for each courses come with TMA 1, 2, 3 and 4 and we guarantee nothing less than 25/30 for each course. From the environment we now move to the different people of Nigeria. The Yoruba political system is very complex. The Fulani call themselves “Fulbe”. Bukar, A.A (2006). ii. This ethnic group can be found in central part of Nigeria. 55, 8.5       Negative Attitudes of Nigerian Youth. Benin  –  Segmentary. The Hausa claimed to have descended from Bayajida (Abu Yazid) a reputable prince from Baghdad; the Fulani are believed to have originated from Futa Jalon from where they migrated to various places in West African sub-region. It was mainly aimed at: ITQ  From the study of this section you may be aware that there are certain policies introduced by certain administrators to revive the economy in Nigeria. Fig. ITQ:  You have just learnt that Fulanis are called differently by different people, what are these names given to them by different people? According to this mythology, the Benin Kingdom was founded by the youngest of the children of Osanubua (the high god). Youths and quarter children have their roles and rights. Noun Course Material For Gst 203 Download NOUN TMA Solution GST 201 Nigeria People and. They were predominantly gatherers and farmers. This woman later delivered a son who was installed as the first Oba of Benin. The Igbo are mainly found in Imo, Anambra, Enugu, Ebonyi and Abia States. Self-reliance is a process that needs to be sustained. Third, they needed a source for generating capital resources for investment in Britain thereby strengthening the British pound sterling against other currencies. Identify at least three of the independent states before the independence; enumerate some of the amalgamation processes before 1914 in Nigeria; trace the negative impacts of indirect rule on our chiefs and emirs; outline some of the reasons for the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorate in 1914, and. These environmental problems can be solved in the following ways: Promotion of environmental education and awareness: The Nigerian Government is making concerted efforts to create awareness on environmental abuse, challenges and management. The most important of these policies are: Operation Feed the Nation (OFN) under the military regime of General Olusegun Obasanjo (rtd) and the Green Revolution programme under the civilian administration of Alhaji Shehu Shagari. You have earlier studied some notable cultures and peoples of Nigeria. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press. These scholars include Kenneth Dike (1956), G.I. The would-be in-law also plays important role in funeral rites. How can you explain this contradiction? The reason for the amalgamation of Nigeria was to serve the interest of the imperial government especially in the areas of cheap raw materials and market for their manufactured goods. Lewis, M. P., Gary, F. S. and Fennins, C. D. eds (2013) Ethnologue: Languages of the World 17th Ed, Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics Online Version. 39, 6.0 UNIT 5:   THE EVOLUTION OF NIGERIA.. 40, 6.5       Reasons for the Amalgamation. We should be aware that cultism, is an evil association engaged in negative activities that can destroy one’s career and can also ruin one’s life. The palace and titles for instance were modelled after that of the Benin kingdom. Fig. You also need to know that they are located along the coastal belts of Southern Nigeria from the Forcados to Bonny River, long and extensive years of interaction with various neighbours have greatly influenced their traditions thereby leading to differences in the cultural assumptions of component Ijaw groups. The joint family ii. It is important to realize that the main causes of bribery and corruption include: a)            Government official bureaucracy. In the south it extended to the Old Oyo and crosses the Benue. Edo/Delta, Rivers, Imo/Abia and Cross River/Akwa-Ibom States share the lion’s part of petroleum products. in jeans patched up all over. 2.13 Ijaw people in ceremonial dress. In general, they pretend to be ‘westernized’. So the Bayajida myth represents the mirror of a historical period in which the formation of states began in Hausa land. After betrothal, a man must not only give presents to his future wife, but also should help her father on his farm or when building a house. The earliest known account of their existence in the region according to archaeological evidence dates to around 9000 BCE as revealed by human remains at Iwo Eleru. Fulani is a notable ethnic group in Northern Nigeria. It is also easier in the Nigeria’s grassland to raise cattle and obtain other dairy products. 3.7:      Map showing areas of Igbo influence. The eastern Ijaw group, however, speak Kalabari. ITA  The following policies are the possible answers to this question: President Shehu Shagari’s policy of Ethical Revolution, General Buhari’s War Against Indiscipline and General Babangida’s National Orientation Agency. Fig. It is recorded that not only Hausa language is classified under the Chadic sub-group of AfroAsiatic or Hamito-Semitic family, but it is also spoken over a very wide area by so many nationalities. Our TMA is 10/10 guarantee Whatsapp/Call: 08137981072 Programme Title: B.Sc Accounting Title Course Code Course Title Credit Unit Level Semester Status Remarks 3205_FMS105 FMS105 Elements of Management I 2 100 1 Core 3205_MTH105 MTH105 Mathematics for Management Sciences I 3 100 1 … The people of this zone also believe in other forces such as ancestral spirits. ITQ:     Figure 1.5 identifies the expanse of the Sokoto Caliphate. This Oba was later called Eweka. It became a cultural and political model for other Yoruba communities which began to replicate the Ife model in their domains. The northern part of Nigeria, with its large states and developed emirates system was the most fertile ground for the indirect rule system of administration. Nzemeke, A. D. & Erhagbe, E. 0. The would-be groom parent will bring palmwine and kolanuts to the bride’s family and other items such as goats, chickens etc as requested by the family. Like many Nigerian ethnic groups, the Nupe people have different versions of origin. The essence is to make sure that the activities and operations of the government are within the confines of the law. If the head of government in Hausa culture is called Sarkin Kasa, what is he called in Kanuri and Nupe cultures? For example, the offices of the Galadima (senior counselor), Madawaki (palace administrator), Magaji (overseer), Dogari (guard), and Zagi (orderly) have roots in the Islamization of Hausaland during the two centuries. It is common knowledge that within the country’s boundaries, there are over 500 ethnic groups, each speaking its own language, although some may not necessarily speak the language identified with their ethnic groups. A citizen is an individual that has full political and legal rights in a state. Political organization in this zone is based on village groups or clans with each developing distinct dialect. On his arrival Iginuwa met with some Ijaw who took him along with his followers and consolidated his power as a leader of the new land. We start by introducing Nigeria to you. They wanted a market for their manufactured goods. In respect of fiscal policy, various administrations have set the following objectives: We should also remember that to achieve fiscal and monetary objectives mentioned above, governments also put some measures in place such as: In 1986, the Babangida administration decided to modify and extend the previous fiscal and monetary objectives and measures. Poverty promotes underdevelopment iii. Bribery and corruption are the two deadly unwholesome practices that have disturbed the conscience of many Nigerian patriots. These, among others, included the Borno Empire, the Hausa States, and the Sokoto Caliphate, in the North and in the South the Igbo segmentary societies, Benin Kingdom and the Oyo Empire. The well-known ethnic groups in Nigeria include Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, Kanuri, Efik, Ibibio, Tiv, Izon (Ijaw) Edo,  among others. Before reaching Daura, where he was credited to have killed an evil snake that was preventing people of the town from drawing water from a well, he briefly stayed in Gaya. They strive to maintain their tradition and culture wherever they go. The types of pollution that can result due to man’s undue manipulation of the environment are: air pollution, noise pollution, water pollution, and land pollution. Cultures of this zone are also remarkable for their sophisticated artistic traditions and skills such as the science of metallurgy, iron smelting and bronze-smelting in such communities as Nkwere, Awka, Abiriba, etc. The policy of indirect rule was premised on local peoples being ruled by their local traditional rulers without disruption to their lives. The leadership of the Bini people was based on segmentary system where authority is exercised right from the family. We’re happy to inform all Students of the National Open University of Nigeria, that the NOUN Course Materials downloads is now free and you can download or see your particular course and download the . The Kanuri have different versions of origin, the “So” version of the Kanuri origin states that, the “So” were the first settlers in the Kanem-Borno, while the Saif bin Dhi Yazan version attributes the foundation of Kanem Borno to the great Arab hero Saif bin Dhi Yazan who was credited to have established the popular Saifawa Dynasty. Trace the four notable constitutional developments in Nigeria. Thus, for the fact that there are some changes in these Course Codes and Titles, please note that the contents remains the same. The major negative attitudes of Nigerian youth are cultism, indecent dressing, political thuggery and examination misconduct. P.S. We have provided below the list of common nouns under various categories such as: Material nouns from nature: water, air, silver, gold, iron, copper, sand, coal, rock, sunlight, rain, earth, salt, etc. Marriage among the Yoruba was exogenous, hence, it was not a mere event between two individuals but an event involving two previously unrelated families. 6.1). Ikporukpo, B. C. O. These are: obedience to the laws of the land; payment of taxes expected by the tax law of the country; non-interference with the rights of other citizens; defence of the country when called upon to do so; be honest and loyal to the government. Jones (1964) and E.J. The ‘aaro’ form of labour mobilisation was reciprocal in that farmer who was assisted to weed his farm or build his house today would be called upon tomorrow to render similar service. 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