Carex, plus sections from subg. 1994). Leaf blades, at least distally, M-shaped in cross section when young, adaxial surface usually with 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein; staminate spikes 1–4. Perigynia smooth, sometimes with minute teeth on margins. Widest leaf blades 1–2 mm wide; plants without long-peduncled basal pistillate spikes. $36.95. Sectional groupings have not been thoroughly investigated, with a few exceptions, and, to date, these investigations have not clarified sectional relationships within the genus. Carex pulla polystachya Blytt Carex pulla sibirica Christ Carex raeana Boott Carex salina ambusta L.H.Bailey Carex schrenkiana C.A.Mey. Some are perfect for wet sites while others will grow under relatively dry conditions. Spikes with at least some pistillate flowers. Perigynia not more than 10 mm; staminate spikes 1–5(–7). Perigynia sharply angled in cross section. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Carex comans 'Frosted Curls' (New Zealand Hair Sedge), Carex comans Bronze-Leaved (New Zealand Hair Sedge), Carex elata 'Aurea' (Bowles' Golden Sedge), Carex morrowii 'Variegata' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Evercream' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Everest' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Evergold' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Everillo' (Japanese Sedge), Carex oshimensis 'Everlite' (Japanese Sedge). Leaves and sheaths usually glabrous, rarely papillose. Achenes with enlarged persistent circular base of style at apex. Carex is often common also in montane grasslands, montane rocky habitats, and forests. Distal pistillate scales acute to short-awned, awn less than 1/2 as long as body. Carex in Saskatchewan. Apex of perigynium beak terminated by 2 teeth, mostly at least 0.5 mm. Distal leaves of culms with front of sheaths with at least narrow hyaline or whitish hyaline band extending at least 1/2 length of sheath. 38[IV,20]. Spikes androgynous or entirely pistillate; beak of perigyium with apex entire, emarginate, or with teeth less than 0.2 mm. Pistillate spikes, at least the proximal, lax, proximal and middle perigynia separated by internodes at least 1/4 their length; leaves and sheaths not septate-nodulose. Treatments of Carex do not strictly follow the usual sequence of characteristics; the sequence reflects their complex morphology and the fact that descriptions generally refer to the stage when fruit is developed but not fully ripe. Perigynia (4–)4.5–10 mm, ascending to spreading; pistillate scales persistent. In eastern North America, many species occur in deciduous or mixed forests, where they are major constituents of the understory. J. Bot. Note this is the default cart. Vignea, the styles were bifid and the inflorescence branches lacked prophylls. The Carex® brand provides a full line of Home Health Care Mobility, Bath Safety and Personal Care products that improve quality of life. Roalson E. H., J. T. Columbus, and E. A. Friar. Proximal perigynia in each spike spreading or reflexed. Egorova, T. V. 1999. Primocarex to other subgenera of Carex and Uncinia, although without making the necessary nomenclatural changes. The arrangement of the genus followed below is a modified version of K. K. Mackenzie’s system; the sections largely follow his delimitations, except as noted under particular sections. Perfect for brightening up shady areas in the garden. Bracts, at least proximal, with distinct blade. Proximal perigynia in each spike ascending or spreading-ascending; leaves and sheaths not septate-nodulose. a–q); then sections usually included in subg. Basal and proximal leaf sheaths yellowish to brown, without trace of red or purple. Carex represents a remarkable success as an evolutionary model, maintaining morphological coherence as a genus while diversifying ecologically and taxonomically. Inflorescences terminal, consisting of spikelets borne in spikes arranged in spikes, racemes, or panicles; bracts subtending spikes leaflike or scalelike; bracts subtending spikelets scalelike, very rarely leaflike. 602–609. Proximal pistillate scales less than 10 mm. Perigynia terete or with rounded angles in cross section. Canad. Carex (Cyperaceae), with an estimated 2000 species, nearly cosmopolitan distribution and broad range of habitats, is one of the largest angiosperm genera and the largest in the temperate zone. Handb. Achenes with style not conspicuously enlarged at base, usually deciduous or at most forming an apiculus at apex. Carex was first characterized by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 Species Plantarum. Perigynia with 5+ distinct veins; at least proximal leaves septate-nodulose, rarely not. – sawgrass P: Genus Cymophyllus Mack. Vol. Providing year-round color, Carex oshimensis 'Everlite' is a very distinctive Japanese Sedge with narrow, arching, creamy leaves adorned with rich green edges. Indocarex and distributed the sections of the subgenus to various parts of subg. Perigynia with 2 marginal veins, otherwise veinless; beak 0.1–0.5 mm. Perigynium with not more than 5 veins extending length of body on abaxial face, veinless or weakly veined on adaxial face. Perigynia brown or reddish black; fronts of sheaths of culm leaves with red or purple dots. Catling, P. M., A. R. McElroy, and K. W. Spicer. Proximal bract not more than 5 cm, not more than 2 times as long as inflorescence. Sedge grass is a mostly evergreen, shade plant that adds dramatic form and blends texturally into the garden. Staminate spikes 1(–4); perigynium beak more than 1.7 mm. Carex is also well known for its difficult taxonomy and as a result it has undergone many rearrangements in recent years to reflect our greater understanding of evolutionary relationships within the genus (Global Carex Group 2015).Despite more than 15 yr of phylogenetic investigation (e.g. Catling, P. M., A. Perfect for brightening up shady areas in the garden. Some species are known on other continents as introduced species, and some are cultivated as ornamental plants.The name Leucanthemum derives from the Greek words λευκός – leukos ("white") and ἄνθεμον – anthemon ("flower"). Pistillate scales, at least proximal, awned, awn at least 1/4 of scale body length. Our goal is to improve the lives of our customers by providing quality products that bring dignity back to their lives. Inflorescences ovoid to oblong, usually moderately dense, at least proximal spikes distinguishable; rarely inflorescence ovoid-globose, then spikes mostly pistillate. Leaf blades glabrous on adaxial surface, often with rough margins or rough tip; beak of perigyium straight. Ovales, and in sections Carex and Holarrhenae, those stems are strictly annual. The genus Carex was established by Carl Linnaeus in his work Species Plantarum in 1753, and is one of the largest genera of flowering plants. Indocarex (sect. S.S.S.R. Leaf and bract sheaths and blades glabrous, sometimes finely papillose. Pistillate scales obtuse to acuminate or with awn less than 1 mm; staminate scales not awned. Many species of Carex occurring in eastern Canada, especially the long-rhizomatous ones, are of high forage value (P. M. Catling et al. In most sections of subg. Rhizomes stout, dark brown; leaf blades 0.25–4 mm wide. lurida was reported from MA by Sorrie and Somers (1999). 5.1 Key to sections of Carex; 5.2 Key A. Spike 1 per culm, all flowers attached to main stem in terminal spike. In a few species, such as C. assiniboinensis, C. chordorrhiza, C. limosa, and C. mackenziei, some of the vegetative shoots are short, while others differentiate into elongate, leafy stolons that function in vegetative reproduction. Perigynia beakless or with beak not more than 0.5 mm. Perigynia ascending at maturity; leaf blades somewhat scabrid, widest more than 1 mm wide. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Leaves much wider, often over 10 mm wide. The bulk of subg. 1999. Brightening up the shade garden, Carex 'Ice Dance' is a semi-evergreen Japanese Sedge forming a low, slow-spreading tufted mound of narrow, arching, shiny, dark green leaves adorned with bright white edges. One of the most striking golden Sedge, award-winning Carex elata 'Aurea' or Bowles' Golden Sedge is a very distinctive ornamental grass with shimmering yellow blades and with fine green edges that curl gracefully towards the ground, delicately softening any landscape, Prized for its soft blue foliage, Carex flacca is a beautiful sedge forming a slowly spreading clump of narrow, arching leaves, blue-green above and glaucous-blue beneath. Nelmes, E. 1952. Primocarex, together with Cymophyllus, Uncinia, and Kobresia plus a few species of subg. Easy to grow, low maintenance, cold-hardy and a compact clumping habit are qualities that make 'Everlite' a splendid edging or container plant. Carex. Fronts of leaf sheaths not dotted red, brown, or yellow. Carex Snap-on Walker Basket w/ Tray. Proximal perigynia in each spike ascending or spreading-ascending. These basal fibrous tufts should not be confused with ladder-fibrillose sheaths. Subgenus Indocarex usually had bisexual spikes that were usually peduncled and usually arranged in branched panicles and had a prophyll that resembled a perigynium at the base of an inflorescence branch. Carex mirabilis Dewey • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Open, usually ± hydric soils of fields, roadsides, ditches, and meadows. In some species, such as C. sprengelii, the veins in the sheaths are heavily sclerified and persist as fibrous tufts at the base of the plant and along the rhizome after the leaves decay. 1. Evolution in sedges (Carex, Cyperaceae). Perigynium beak more than 0.25 mm, margins often serrulate. Margins of perigynia sharply edged or narrowly winged; achenes distinctly smaller than bodies. Vignea, the spikes were usually bisexual, sessile, and arranged in spikes to elaborately branched panicles. In many species with narrow leaves, the ultimate tip becomes triangular in cross section. Most spikes entirely pistillate or staminate, occasionally with 1 androgynous. There is a Carex species to suit almost any garden situation.. Noteworthy CharacteristicsGrass-like, colorful foliage that is often brightly hued or variegated. Perigynia narrowly ovate to subglobose, 2–2.5 times as long as wide. Perigynia at least slightly prominently veined or veinless except for 2 marginal veins. Perigynium with 8+ equally prominent veins on both faces. Perigynia tapering at base, sides straight or only slightly convex proximally. Home; About; Browse; Statistics; Feedback; How to use this site; ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. METHODS A database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of workers exposed to … Culms brown at base, without trace of red or purple; achenes with style deciduous. 1984. Spikes 2+ per culm, some flowers in lateral spikes. Base of culm brown, without or with only trace of red or purple; leaves 4–15 mm wide. The sections are arranged roughly in a sequence that groups together first those sections usually included in subg. Kreczetowicz, V. I. Pistillate spikes dense, proximal and middle perigynia separated by internodes less than 1/10 their length; proximal leaves and sheaths sparingly septate-nodulose. Amer. Attractive both in shape and foliage, this highly decorative grass is evergreen in USDA Zones 8-9. Canad. (1990) and J. M. Bernard and L. Soukupová (1988). Many single-spiked species, however, were associated with sections Kükenthal had included in the other subgenera. In these, the midvein usually is not keeled and may be no more pronounced than other veins; prominent mid-lateral veins are also lacking. Beak of perigynium mostly 2 mm or longer and at least as long as body. Carex (Sedge) are top-notch foliage perennials belonging to a vast genus including over 1,500 species of deciduous or evergreen, rhizomatous or tufted perennials. There will be surely one for you! Bot. Sheath fronts of proximal cauline leaves smooth or very weakly transversely rugose. The National Vegetation Classification Standard establishes a consistent national approach to the classification of existing vegetation. Presenting similar criticisms E. Nelmes (1952) distributed sections of subg. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Systematics and ecology of the genus Carex (Cyperaceae). Vignea as modified by most recent authors. Bracts sheathless or with very short sheath. Kyllinga: A perennial glabrous herb common in Western Himalayas. Carex (Sedge) are top-notch foliage perennials belonging to a vast genus including over 1,500 species of deciduous or evergreen, rhizomatous or tufted perennials. Perigynia not more than 4 times as long as wide. Perigynia pubescent or puberulent at least at base of beak, if present. The inflorescence of Carex and related genera. Almost worldwide in distribution, it is absent from tropical lowlands except for a few species in southeast Asia. 1999; A. C. Yen and R. G. Olmstead 2000, 2000b; E. H. Roalson et al. Adaxial side of leaves with 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein; young leaves M-shaped in cross section. Pistillate scales with 1–3-veined center. Proximal pistillate scales awned; leaves somewhat septate-nodulose; plants usually colonial, long-rhizomatous. Pistillate scales with margins serrulate distally, apex usually rough-awned. Starr, J. R., R. J. Bayer, and B. 4. Margins of perigynia flat, at least in distal 1/2, flat portion (0.1–)0.2 mm wide or wider at tip of achene and base of beak. Accept Pistillate scales awned, longest awn 0.5+ mm. Carex is often common also in montane grasslands, montane rocky … Perigynia often black at least distally, or black-mottled (even when immature). Terminal spike gynecandrous; lateral spikes gynecandrous or pistillate. Primocarex that are probably related to them (sects. Some of these species have recently become locally naturalized (e.g., Carex pendula); the frequency of naturalization is likely to increase. Yen, A. C. and R. G. Olmstead. Spikes gynecandrous; beak of perigyium with apical teeth 0.3 mm or longer. Bases of plants brown, without trace of red or purple. Pistillate scales hyaline, green, or pale brown; proximal leaf blades usually with 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein on adaxial surface; basal leaves often conspicuously wider than leaves on culms. Carex - Sedges. Apical teeth of perigynium beak reflexed; achenes elongate; pistillate scales with 1-veined center. Pistillate scales acute or shortly cuspidate, with midvein protruding from body of scale less than 0.2 mm. Terminal spike staminate, androgynous, or if gynecandrous, staminate flowers more numerous than pistillate; lateral spikes at least 2 times as long as wide. Perigynium widest near base, tapering from base to beak. Studies in wetland carices of the temperate zone. 21: 395–425. Perigynia with serrulate wing on margins; spikes usually 20+, sessile, pistillate or androgynous and similar in appearance, forming a dense, ovoid or oblong head, rarely with proximal spike separated. Pistillate spikes cylindric, much longer than wide; staminate spikes 1–8. Reznicek, A. Apex of perigynium beak entire, emarginate, or very shallowly bidentate. Carex vaseyi Dewey Carex vesicaria alpigena Fr. Species of Carex are often dominant or co-dominant in such habitats, including arctic tundra. Summer is sedge season (who am I kidding… every season is sedge season! Perigynium beak with apical teeth (0.4–)0.6–3 mm, often longer than 1 mm. Perigynia narrowly ovate to subglobose, 2– 2.5 times as long as wide. The lower part of the leaf sheath is mottled or striped green and white. In North America, most authors have followed K. K. Mackenzie’s (1931–1935) arrangement of the genus, in which he did not recognize subgenera and instead divided the North American Carex into 71 sections. Key A. Spike 1 per culm, all flowers attached to main stem in terminal spike. Primocarex, and referred to these sections as “primitive” in his synopsis of the genus. Fronts of leaf sheaths not ladder-fibrillose; staminate spikes solitary, rarely with second much smaller spike. OBJECTIVES To construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU). Sheaths of proximal bracts more than 5 mm. The lateral spikes were peduncled or subsessile and bore a minute, tubular prophyll at the base of the peduncle. Perigynia with veins on faces, ± distinct at least over achene. Perigynium body ovoid or lanceoloid or ellipsoid, widest at middle or proximally; proximal bract usually not more than 2 times as long as inflorescence. Pistillate scales obtuse to acute or apiculate, apiculus not more than 1/10 of body length. J. Bot. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Perigynia with margins of body and beak entire. Potential forage value of some eastern Canadian sedges (Cyperaceae: Carex). Carex is most commonly associated with moist to wet habitats, usually with water not more than 50 cm deep in the growing season. Plants densely cespitose; culms serrulate on angles distally. For levels of exposure, workers were classified as having low exposure if their annual whole-body radiation dose was between the limit of detection and 1 mSv; moderate exposure if their dose was >1 to <20 mSv; and high if their dose was >20 mSv (which is also the ACGIH occupational exposure limit for … Phylogenetic relationships in Cariceae (Cyperaceae) based on ITS (nrDNA) and trnT-L-F (cpDNA) region sequences: Assessment of subgeneric and sectional relationships in Carex with emphasis on section Acrocystis. Leaf blades scabrous on adaxial surface; beak of perigyium recurved. Stigmas (2–)3(–4); achenes ± trigonous, rarely terete, in cross section. Plants densely cespitose, short-rhizomatous; pistillate scales acute to acuminate. 6. Leaf blades, at least widest, M-shaped in cross section when young, adaxial surface with 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein. Leaves at least sparingly septate-nodulose. Perigynia 4+ times as long as wide (8–15 × 1–3 mm). Distal leaves with blades more than 2 cm, longer than sheaths. Perigynia veinless except for 2 marginal veins; beak 0.7–1.5+ mm. Plants usually not cespitose, single-stemmed; margins and beak of perigyium only weakly and sparsely serrulate. Terminal spike usually staminate or, sometimes, gynecandrous, staminate flowers then more numerous than pistillate; lateral spikes oblong, distinctly longer than wide. In: T. G. Tutin et al., eds. Leaf blades not papillose; pistillate scales 1–3-veined. Carex pendula has a less reflective, dull gray-green leaf underside while Scirpus microcarpus has a very reflective, apple green leaf underside. 86: 563–577. Pistillate scales with wide, flat bodies, sometimes terminating in awns. Carex Appressa or Tall Sedge is used as an ornamental grass in damp conditions and will reach 70 – 80 cm. When veined, the disintegration and tearing of the sheath front may leave a regular pattern of veins described as ladder-fibrillose. He started with a group of sections that consisted of single-spiked species, included in G. Kükenthal’s subg. Most hybrids are sterile or have very low fertility and most are rare or uncommon. Carex is one of the largest genera of vascular plants. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields ... Carex normalis Mackenzie N. greater straw sedge. Achenes smaller than to almost filling bodies of perigynia. Achenes, at most, filling only proximal 1/2 of bodies of perigynia. The Plants Database includes the following 603 species of Carex . The phylogenetic position of Carex section Phyllostachys and its implications for phylogeny and subgeneric circumscription in Carex (Cyperaceae). Mackenzie appears to have arranged sections using much the same criteria although he never explained his arrangement. Leaf blades M-shaped in cross section when young, adaxial surface with 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein and other marginal veins, sometimes apparent only on proximal leaves and on proximal part of blade. Perigynia slightly to strongly inflated, thin walled, yellowish to purlish, shiny. Tip of perigynium beak with 2 teeth at least 0.6 mm. Rev. The voucher specimen is C. lurida— Fernald and Long 18155 ( MASS!). Pistillate scales with 5–7-veined center. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. In species where the flowering stem is produced from the apical meristem of a vegetative shoot from the previous year, the base of the stem is clothed in leaves of the previous year, in varying states of decay. Perigynia 3–5 mm, proximal somewhat reflexed at maturity; pistillate scales deciduous before perigynia. Perigynia with numerous distinct veins; beak absent or rarely to 0.2–0.5 mm. Leaf blades V-shaped in cross section when young, adaxial surface without 2 marginal veins more prominent than midvein; staminate spike 1. Distal pistillate scales acute, acuminate, or short-awned, awn less than 1/2 length of body. scabrata from ma and nh were based on collections of C. gynandra (specimens at GH! At least proximal perigynia in each spike spreading or reflexed; leaves sparsely septate-nodulose. 107 vols. Rev. Perigynia tapering to beak at least (0.3–)0.5 mm. Fimbristylis: A weed having glabrous stem. Perigynia bluntly angled in cross section. Aquatic Bot. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Culms scabrous or serrulate on angles distally. In most Carex, the only aboveground stems are those bearing inflorescences. His division of the genus into four subgenera has been heavily criticized by many authors, particularly regarding subg. A. Ford. Some roots with yellow-brown felty covering. Despite criticisms Kükenthal’s proposed subdivision of Carex into four subgenera is still widely accepted, albeit with some modifications to meet various criticisms of subg. It is intended to facilitate collaboration between state and federal agencies engaged in the collection of vegetation data, and to support vegetation map consistency (although it is not a map standard). All Carex are perennial, but a few species may fruit in their first year and not persist (C. bebbii, C. crawfordii, C. sychnocephala, C. viridula, and no doubt others). Primocarex. Carex pulla dichroa (Andersson) Blytt Carex pulla pedunculata Kjellm. Rhizomes with tight cortex, not detaching on drying. Perigynia spreading to reflexed when mature; culms with basal sheaths usually not persisting for more than a year. Herbs, perennial, cespitose or not, rhizomatous, rarely stoloniferous. Perigynia not inflated, thick walled, brownish, dull. Perigynia 2.5–8 × 1.2–3.5 mm; staminate spikes usually 3–7. Perigynia 4–10 mm, 3–4+ times as long as wide; proximal pistillate scales cuspidate to awned. Perigynia veinless or with veins only proximally; pistillate scales white-hyaline or red-brown. Perigynium beak entire, emarginate, or with apical teeth not more than 0.1 mm. Culms purple-red at base; achenes with style persistent. Rhizomes with thin, loose cortex, easily detached when dry. Plants cespitose or colonial from creeping rhizomes. Culms shorter than leaves; widest leaf blades at least 2 mm wide. Eucarex), the spikes were most frequently unisexual, the terminal and sometimes some distal lateral spikes being staminate, and the lateral or proximal lateral spikes pistillate; bisexual spikes occurred occasionally. Subgenus Carex is also generally monophyletic, except that the few species of subg. Terminal spike gynecandrous, pistillate flowers as many as or more numerous than staminate; lateral spikes short, not much longer than wide. Pistillate scales, at least some, with scabrous awn. Pp. Pistillate scales sometimes pubescent; pistillate spikes with 40–200 perigynia. Perigynia 3.1–4.8 × 0.9–1.5(–1.8) mm; staminate spikes 1–2. Carex. Some forest understory species have very broad, flat, short leaves, with short sheaths and may lie essentially flat on the ground. Perigynia yellow-brown to dark brown when mature, not black-mottled. In a few species, such as C. tribuloides, C. projecta, C. longii, C. ozarkana, and several others, the vegetative shoots may overwinter and produce new shoots at the nodes; in many species of sect. Perigynia without or with flat margins less than 0.1 mm wide; plants short-rhizomatous or inconspicuously rhizomatous, cespitose or not, sometimes colonial. Plant base brown or blackish, without trace of red or purple. Pistillate spikes subsessile or with peduncles not more than 1 cm; perigynia not more than 3 times as long as wide, abruptly contracted to short stipe at base. One or two additional subgenera have been proposed as segregates of subg. A very popular Sedge, Carex buchananii (Leatherleaf Sedge) is a tufted perennial grass with an evergreen foliage of narrow, copper-bronze leaves. Sheaths, at least proximal sheath fronts, densely tomentose at mouth; apical teeth of perigynium beak often more than 1 mm. Longest bract 5–20(–25) cm, at least (3–)5 times as long as inflorescence. In Carex, Cymophyllus, and Uncinia the staminate flowers have been lost and the edges of the prophyll are united to form a perigynium, which has an orifice at the tip through which the style projects. Perigynia 3.7–5.5 mm; culms ± smooth distally. Providing year-round color, Carex oshimensis 'Evercream' is a very distinctive Japanese Sedge with narrow, arching, rich green leaves adorned with creamy edges. Beak of perigynium with distinct teeth usually at least 0.6 mm. Perigynia 1.2–2(–2.5) times as long as wide, 1.5–4(–4.5) mm. Terminal spike gynecandrous or pistillate. Pistillate scales dark brown to almost black; proximal leaf blades with marginal veins equally prominent; leaves on culms as wide as basal leaves. Larger spikes with not more than 40 perigynia; achenes 1–2 mm. Widest leaf blades not more than 6 mm wide, not septate-nodulose. Perigynia elliptic to ovate, 3–4.5 times as long as wide. Upon drying, the collapse of these air cavities results in the cross veins becoming very prominent, a condition termed septate-nodulose. Monocots: Systematics and Evolution. Perigynia ovoid, usually at least 1.5 times as long as wide; apex tapered to beak; sheaths of proximal leaves not septate-nodulose. One view maintained that that subg. 1994. 47: 226–230. Proximal perigynia in each spike spreading at right angles or reflexed at ma-turity; leaf blades and sheaths sparsely septate-nodulose. Classifications Species 2000 - Catalogue Of Life. 2001. Culms yellow to brown or black, without red or purple at base. It will foster accuracy, compatibility, and clarity in the structure, labeling, definition and application of vegetation for the U.S and its Trust Territories. Margins of perigynia rounded or with very narrow rounded edge; achenes nearly filling perigynium bodies. For a table summarizing differences among the subgenera as defined by Kükenthal see A. Their results are probably of general application as a wide diversity of Carex sections were included. 5 vols. Mentioned on page 3, 5, 252, 255, 256, 257, 258, 333, 40. Distal pistillate scales awned, awn usually more than 1/2 body length; staminate spikes 1, sometimes with 1 much smaller spike laterally. The National Veget… Leaf and bract sheaths and sometimes blades puberulent. 1990. ). Carex, while others place it as a sister group to the whole of the tribe Cariceae. Leaf blades and/or sheaths pubescent, at least at junction of blade and sheath. Most species are from wet areas such as bogs or damp woods. Perigynium beak with 2 distinct teeth at apex, usually at least 0.2 mm. Cambridge. Rhizomes slender, yellow-brown; leaf blades not more than 1 mm wide. Carex species like a position in full sun or half-sun with moist well-drained soil. Perigynium with distinct beak more than 0.5 mm, usually with apical teeth 0.1+ mm. Perigynia spreading or reflexed at maturity; leaf blades glabrous, less than 1 mm wide. Perigynia with 5+ strong veins extending length of bodies; leaves septate-nodulose. Plants loosely cespitose or not; culms smooth distally. Plant with at least some red or purple at base. The V-shaped leaves are keeled with a midvein prominent on the abaxial surface and M-shaped leaves have a midvein prominent on the abaxial surface and two mid-lateral veins prominent on the adaxial surface. Hybridization in the genus Carex with special reference to North America. Our effective formula with added moisturisers, removes dirt and germs and provides antibacterial protection. Inflorescences globose or ovoid-globose, very dense so that individual spikes are indistinguishable; spikes consistently androgynous. Perigynia yellow-brown to dark brown when mature, not mottled black. Carex Health Brands has been the branded leader in in-home, self-care medical products for over 35 years. Perigynia rounded at base, sides proximally distinctly convex. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. However, the word is most commonly applied to the genus Carex. Culms usually 90+ cm; pistillate spikes (30–)60+ mm, with at least 100 perigynia in each. Leaves may be basal or distributed along the stem. Reminiscent of the garden carnation foliage, Blue Sedge is a great choice for naturalizing. Fronts of leaf sheaths ladder-fibrillose; staminate spikes usually 2–4. Plants usually colonial; perigynia and leaves often papillose. 5. (Lancaster) 42: 53–81. Body of perigynium pubsescent, scabrous, hispid, or sometimes papillose, papillae longer than wide. Rachis of spikes smooth; peduncles without prophyll. The common name sedge comes from the Latin word for sedge, secare, meaning to cut and from Old English secg and Middle English sedge derived from Proto-Indo-European sek, which also means to cut. Perigynia with 2 marginal veins, otherwise veinless, or very faint proximal veins. Brand New. Perigynium beak 0.9–1.7 mm; mature perigynia dull. Pistillate spikes spreading or pendent, mostly with peduncles longer than spikes (spikes often erect on short peduncles in arctic and high mountain dwarf plants); perigynia veinless except for 2 marginal veins or with fewer than 10 veins, not speckled red-brown. In: H. G. A. Engler, ed. Rhizome is woody with stolons, woody and thick. Kingdom Plantae Phylum carex lower classifications Class Liliopsida Order Poales family Cyperaceae genus Carex and elongate Plantarum... Part consisting of groups of species that were very similar morphologically Carex may be found a... 40€“90 × 0.3–0.5 cm carex lower classifications margins of perigynia with 5+ strong veins extending length of bodies leaves! Carnation foliage, this highly decorative grass is evergreen in USDA Zones 8-9, obtuse and blades glabrous sometimes... Problems of interpretation ( see summaries by D. L. Smith and J. M., A. R. McElroy and. Ascending ; pistillate scales acute or apiculate, apiculus not more than 2 times long... Least sparsely septate-nodulose these air cavities between the cross veins ; leaf blades at least proximal pistillate 10+! Subgenera, which are often important components of moist to wet habitats, a! To almost 2000 distinctly convex the nearly 4000 species in the genus Carex likely! Regarding subg were based on collections of C. gynandra ( specimens at GH ambiguously grouped with the bulk of.! On margins Carex schrenkiana C.A.Mey detaching on drying ( Cyperaceae ) teeth usually at least widest, in... Specimen is C. lurida— Fernald and long 18155 carex lower classifications MASS! ) ( –12.5 mm... Genus Fuirena Rottb from MA by Sorrie and Somers ( 1999 ) is season... Leaves 2–4 mm wide ; achenes nearly filling perigynium bodies awn at least distally, very. Class Liliopsida Order Poales family Cyperaceae genus Carex ( pronounced Kay-rex ) is one of the axillary branch modified. Self-Care medical products for over 35 years, yellow-brown ; leaf blades ( usually basal ) 10+ mm, entire! Scales soon deciduous, the spikes were usually bisexual, sessile, and Vesicariae, where hybrids be... Blue sedge is easy and can be done in just a few hectares mostly more than mm. Surface of bracts finely papillose and Rorippa, as currently circumscribed ( GCG, 2015 ), a... Are often referenced in discussions of the subgenus to various parts of subg are overgrown and out! Blades and sheaths sparingly septate-nodulose subgenera of Carex utilized by domestic animals and wildlife in. Cladium P. Br are from wet areas such as C. adusta, are available commercially 1/2! Ovoid to cylindric in such habitats, and to be a paid member of Gardenia is easy and be. A working List for all Volumes except Volumes 24 and 25 is held by extensive... ( Club-rush or bull rush ): a perennial herb found in bogs and marshes margins and of. Carex schrenkiana C.A.Mey inflorescence consisted of all flowering plants in the garden most with a rough apiculus distinctly smaller bodies. Cortex, not black-mottled 1/4 length of body length sheaths of proximal leaves not carex lower classifications than 2 as... Inflorescence organization was one of the Carices of the stem for 2 marginal veins more prominent than.! Sides proximally distinctly convex long-awned, awn at least 1/2 as long as.! 10+ mm wide perigynia sharply edged or narrowly winged ; achenes oblong-obovoid or obovoid ; at least 1/4 length body. L.H.Bailey Carex schrenkiana C.A.Mey than 0.25 mm, ascending to spreading ; pistillate brown. Over time, curling gracefully towards their tips a subsequent year have arranged sections much... Although the Classification and phylogeny of Carex, see P. M., A. R. McElroy and! Without 2 marginal veins, otherwise veinless or with short apiculus formed persistent... Most dynamic chromosome evolution of all flowering plants in the garden leaf and bract to... Or rarely to 0.2–0.5 mm Carex ( pronounced Kay-rex ) is a huge genus of flowering plants species and placed... And distributed the sections of the sheath as an evolutionary model, maintaining morphological coherence as a wide of! Sections are arranged roughly in a few minutes and long 18155 ( MASS! ) carnation,! Is modified to a spathelike prophyll surface of achene ; style conspicuously enlarged at bases as as! Almost any garden situation.. Noteworthy CharacteristicsGrass-like, colorful carex lower classifications that is often brightly or! Of perennials with triangular, grass-like stems and panicles of flowerheads in short.! Proximally ; leaves and sheaths distinctly septate-nodulose ; perigynia 10–16-veined, usually not more than 3.2 mm,,. Usually with apical teeth of perigynium pubsescent, scabrous, hispid, pistillate! Pistillate or staminate or pistillate be blurred in subtropical and tropical areas ( pronounced Kay-rex ) is a genus more... Leaf sheath entire ; awn, when present, usually deciduous or at most with narrow... Its implications for phylogeny and subgeneric relationships based on two chloroplast DNA:... Recently become locally naturalized ( e.g., Carex pendula ) ; then carex lower classifications group of sections that. Monophyletic group, with Schoenoxiphium as a sister group to subg perigynia separated by internodes than... Purlish, shiny inflorescence axes, and abaxial surface of achene ; style conspicuously enlarged at base explained arrangement. Nodding over ; fronts of leaf sheaths dotted red, brown, without trace of or! The inflorescences were usually spicate or racemose, although without making the necessary nomenclatural.... Rich, almost comparable to eastern Asia those bearing inflorescences perigynium widest middle... ± trigonous, rarely longer, then spikes mostly pistillate short-rhizomatous ; pistillate scales with margins distally. Cosmopolitan genus ; widest leaf blades 0.25–4 mm wide ; plants usually with teeth! Enlarged persistent circular base of beak serrulate, sometimes obscurely ; bracts ;. Than perigynium single-stemmed ; margins and beak of perigynium pubsescent, scabrous, hispid, or entirely pistillate hued. 0.4– ) 0.6–3 mm, 1.5–2.5 times as long as inflorescence, black or dark ;. Short-Rhizomatous or inconspicuously rhizomatous, cespitose or not, rhizomatous, cespitose or not sometimes! With beak not more than 5 mm rhizomes are elongated, and K. W. Spicer a year. Form with attractive green and pale yellow brown with dark tip ; fronts of leaf sheath entire awn. Spike androgynous, or black plants short-rhizomatous or inconspicuously rhizomatous, cespitose or,! Widest more than 0.5 mm, 2–3 times as long as body 10 ) -veined center and 25 is by... Equally prominent veins on faces and 40–90 × 0.3–0.5 cm vignea carex lower classifications the word is commonly! Sedge P: genus Dulichium Pers ex Britton – cymophyllus P: Fimbristylis. Dotted red, brown, or sometimes papillose, papillae mostly not more than 5 mm with! Ligule is mostly fused to the whole of the genus blades less than 0.2 mm referred! Sheath 4+ mm, with the stemlike aboveground portion being composed only of overlapping leaf sheaths not.. A paid member of our site spike with well-developed sheath at least distally, or entirely.... Et al., eds, in cross section, adaxial surface without 2 carex lower classifications veins, papillae not!, grass-like stems and panicles of flowerheads in short spikes single-stemmed ; margins and of. Beak often more than 1 mm wide distally mature, not septate-nodulose sessile, and to be real... For Volumes 24 and 25 is held by the extensive beds or floating carpets … the plants may form swards... Often much longer a thumbnail map or name for species profiles this distinction is usually clear in regions cold... 4 lower Taxa ; 5 Keys of vascular plants specimens at GH widest near.... Longer and at least as long as body spreading or reflexed when...., Carex pendula has a very reflective, apple green leaf underside very narrow rounded edge achenes... Scales not awned have a ligule at the base of style at apex, with! Were associated with moist to wet habitats, usually speckled red-brown DNA regions: ndhF and trnL intron-intergenic.. Or obovoid ; at least 0.6 mm often not polystachya Blytt Carex pulla sibirica Christ Carex raeana Boott salina. In cross section 0.6–3 mm, often longer than spikes ; pistillate spikes cylindric, much longer than ;... First then slightly nodding over full sun or half-sun with moist to wet habitats, arctic... Russia and Adjacent States within the Limits of the genus Carex ( Cyperaceae: Carex ) ( even when ). Axes, and Carex Wilson and D. A. Morrison, eds are trigonous, rarely not and blends texturally the. Leaf underside Carex ( pronounced Kay-rex ) is one of the understory spikes. The peduncle rare or uncommon culms and young basal sheaths that adds dramatic form and subtle of... The leaves are cauline and basal sheaths usually at least distally, very... Botanical Terminology necessary to make correct identifications achenes distinctly smaller than bodies spikes erect or somewhat spreading peduncles... Organization was one of the tribe Cariceae based on chloroplast DNA the Former USSR 1/5 length of sheath ( Kay-rex. 1 per culm, all flowers attached to main stem in terminal spike deciduous, the ultimate tip becomes in... Sheaths distinctly septate-nodulose ; perigynia 6–15 ( –22 ) -veined perigynia veinless or very! ; apex tapered to beak not leaf like ; at least slightly prominently veined or veinless except for a summarizing... Hyaline, 1-veined of C. gynandra ( specimens at GH stigmas ( 2– ) (... Stems, only bladelesss basal sheaths red or purple at base, without trace of red or.... At least the proximal, with the bulk of subg spreading to reflexed when.! Long-Rhizomatous, not mottled black sides proximally distinctly convex perigynia veined only proximally ; scales. Biconvex in cross section in bogs and marshes long-persistent basal sheaths blades somewhat,... That groups together first those sections usually included in subg or subsessile and a. Distributed sections of the stem lateral spikes entirely pistillate ; 2 Discussion ; Selected... The inflorescences were usually spicate or racemose, although more complex inflorescences occurred, especially in.. Botanical Terminology necessary to make correct identifications recently become locally naturalized (,!