Christianity is the second largest religion, accounting for about 40.5% of the total population of Lebanon. By comparison, more Israeli Christians (31%) and Israeli Muslims (45%) say being Christian/Muslim is mainly a matter of religion to them. They call themselves muwahhidun , which means people who believe in one god. Among the Druze manuscripts is a collection entitled the Epistles of India, suggesting that some of these luminaries had visited India. A look at its history might give you a clue. The Druze faith does not follow the Five Pillars of Islam, such as fasting during the month of Ramadan, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. Since their inception, the Druzes have enveloped their religious beliefs, and it remains the same today. As religions go, the Druze faith is not especially old, having been formed roughly 1,000 years ago. We are an independent religion,believe in one God and believe in Reincarnation of a human soul. Druze have not proselytized since the 11th century, and the religion remains closed to … The remaining population adheres to the Druze religion or other religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, the Baha’i faith… However, in 1021 to 1026 there was a massacre of tens of thousands of Druze. In every community, only a few Druze of each generation learn all the details of their faith. Background: The Druze refer to themselves as Ahl al-Tawhīd or "Al-muwahhidūn" which means "The People of Monotheism." The Druze were one of the main combatants that the Crusaders had to deal with and were a reason that the crusades failed. Humans and the Environment. Brill, 1984, have robust and vigorous qualities. However, the rest of the world tends to refer to them as "Druze" or "Druse", a name which some believe was derived from an early preacher Muhammad al … DRUZE by Pam Rohland Overview The Druze, also known as the "Sons of Grace," are a secretive, tightly-knit religious sect whose origins can be traced to Egypt [1] a thousand years ago. I am a Druze and here is what I have been taught about my religion: 1. The Epistles of Wisdom is the foundational text of the Druze faith. Discuss with your students which model they believe benefits a broader society most? In this way it manages to offer a spiritual path, and a way of being in the world that avoids many of the problems of intolerance and sectarianism that the established religions have encountered. In Druze faith, there are prophets, helpers, and luminaries. The Druze are a religious group living mainly in the Middle East.Their religion is an offshoot of Islam, but also incorporates other religious elements.. Adherents: 500,000. They are a self-confident people; they have dignity of bearing and refinement of manners. The Druze Heritage Foundation (DHF) was established in 1999 in London, UK, on the initiative of Mr. Salim Kheireddine.The Foundation is an independent, apolitical institution whose aims are the study and preservation of Druze culture, history and lore and the dissemination of information on all matters relating to the Druze in their Arab homelands and abroad. The religion was founded by a Persian Ismailic mystic and scholaer Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad in 1014. The sect's beliefs include loyalty to the country in which they … Marriage outside the Druze faith is rare and is strongly discouraged. This project is made possible by donations from viewers like you. We will not be able to acquire any more of these books. 2 Israeli Druze rarely marry across religious lines. 5 • RELIGION Because the Druze faith is surrounded by secrecy, few of their beliefs are known to the world. One of the most striking characteristics of Druidism is the degree to which it is free of dogma and any fixed set of beliefs or practices. Monotheism is the religious title of the Druze community in Lebanon and its surrounding areas. The Druze consider their faith to be a new interpretation of the three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Druze are ethnically Arab and Arabic speaking. The Druze believe in the co-existence of all religions, national and ethnic groups living under one flag. [27] The Druze faith incorporates elements of Isma’ilism, a branch of Shia Islam, [28] Gnosticism, Neoplatonism, Pythagoreanism, [29] [30] and other philosophies and beliefs, creating a distinct and secretive theology, based on an esoteric interpretation of scripture, which emphasises the role of the mind and truthfulness. For 1,000 years, the mysterious origin of the Druze people – who live almost exclusively in the mountains of Syria, Lebanon and Israel – has captivated linguists, historians, and sociologists. As a small sect that emerged from Islam over a thousand years ago, the Druze religion and society has long been cloaked in a tradition of secrecy. The Druze beliefs incorporate elements of Ismailism, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism and other philosophies. faith, while inwardly (Bāt in) they continue to be true to the unique Druze faith, the belief in al-H ākim as the embodiment of god etc. Special group of initiates called uqqal. The Druzes, says Dr. Najla Abu Izzidinne in The Druzes, E.J. The Druze are a religious sect. Moreover, Druzes also believe that above these two levels of meaning there is "the esoteric of the esoteric." Beliefs and practices are hidden for protection from persecution. Druze religion portrays their leader as the God whom they pray to and believe … T. he soul was created in the beginning from a spark of God’s will and its existence is eternal– based on my understanding of the Druze faith.. Our body is a vessel for our soul, and our souls cannot exist without our bodies. Like their in-laws, the Druze are monotheistic, professing faith in only one God. Only about one-in-five say being Druze is primarily a matter of religion (18%). Al-ḥudūd, (Arabic: “the boundaries”) in the Druze religion, five cosmic principles that are emanations from God, the One. Islamic religion also follows the concept that Muhammad was the last prophet of God while the Druze religion portrays their leader as Prophet denying the finality of Prophet-hood of Muhammad. The Druze call themselves Ahl al-Tawhid "People of Unitarianism or Monotheism" or "al-Muwaḥḥidūn." The Druze (or Druse) comprise a closely knit religious community estimated at 300,000-450,000 people. We have 7 Sacred wills: * The truth of the tongue. Establishment. The rest are called the juhhal, or "noninitiated." Druze ideologies are something of a hybrid though, drawing from the cultural teachings of Islam, but also incorporating the wisdom of Greek philosophers, such as Plato, and concepts of reincarnation similar to those in Hindu canon. This, of course, is the obvious explanation for the similarity of Druze and Muslims customs in all lifecycle ceremonies, circumcision, engagement, marriage Having a distinct set of beliefs and practices, the Druze manuscripts share the influence of the Quran along with Greek, Persian, and Indian philosophies which are apparent in the Druze scriptures and faith. Druze faith is an offshoot of Ismaili branch of Shia Islam, which developed through syncretism with Greek philosophies such as Neoplatonism and some other philosophical and religious … * Remember Brotherhood . Veiled from the outside world, the religious tenets have been vulnerable to distortion, misunderstanding, and misrepresentation. Druzes believe that both the Bible and the Qur'an have esoteric meanings in addition to the exoteric or literal ones. The Druze is a monotheistic religious group found primarily in Syria, Lebanon and Israel. Most live in Syria and Lebanon; smaller groups are in Israel and Jordan. The Druze scripture is the Rasa'il al-hikmah (Epistles of Wisdom), most of which was composed by Hamzah's successor, Baha al-Din al-Muqtana. Druze religious beliefs are secret and closely guarded by their religious leaders. Al-Ḥākim, the 11th-century Fāṭimid caliph of Egypt deified by the Druzes, stands at the centre of the universe as the embodiment of the One. 2. This is the only paperback you will find anywhere in the world, and we have a very limited quantity left in inventory. From Encyclopedia Britannica: The Druze permit no conversion, either away from or to their religion. For them, the traditional story of the Creation is a parable, which describes Adam not as the first human being, but as the first person to believe in one god. The Druze Faith, by Sami Nasib Makarem, is the paperback edition of the timeless book first published in 1974 by Caravan. Explain the difference between a society of cultural pluralism and a melting pot. Practices: Modest lifestyles, fasting before Eid al-Adha. However, it is known that they believe in one God. Their monotheistic religion incorporates many beliefs from Islam, Judaism and Christianity, and is also influenced by Greek philosophy and Hinduism. 54% of the population is represented by followers of Islam. The Druze believe in the Atlantean and Lemurian accounts and the fact that humanity existed in a civilized and advanced state millions of years prior to the 7000 year Adamic cycle, a belief which challenges the traditional monotheistic belief reflected in a literal understanding of The Genesis – an account which the Druze believe to be purely symbolic of the Spiritual parenthood of humanity. Druse, Muwahhid, Mowahhidoon, Mo'wa'he'doon, Taw'heed Faith) Sponsored link. Many Druze religious practices are kept secret, even from the community as a whole. The theology of Druze religion is called hikma and a central theme theme is that God / Allah) reincarnated himself in the Fatimid caliph al-Hakim, who they believe disappeared in 1021. In this book Dr. Anis Obeid, a Druze layman, provides a penetrating analysis of Druze scriptures and beliefs (Tawhid). There are about 1 million Druze around the world, with most of them living in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, and Jordan. It is difficult to know as you cannot join and the religion — if that’s what it is — is secret. Beliefs and Traditions. Ḥamzah ibn ʿAlī, a contemporary of Druid Beliefs. Used hardcover copies of this book are selling for between $150 and $300 on Amazon. History Druze religion has its origins in the second decade of the 11th century, when al-Darazi and Hamzah ibn Ali declared the sixth Fatimid caliph to be the incarnation of the godhead. Islam is the dominant religion in Lebanon. They believe that God [2] was incarnated on earth in the form of their leader, al-Hakim bi-Amrih Alla. It appeared in the Levant during the reign of Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, (996 - 1021). Druze is a syncretic monotheistic Abrahamic religion and ethnoreligious group based in the area surrounding southern Lebanon in the Middle East.Druzes call themselves muwahiddun (Arabic for monotheists). 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