It is also called treadsalve. It helps digest nutrients more effectively and is used to balance the digestive disorder. Flower bugs are common insects that feed on aphids and mites. Horses don’t usually eat stinging nettle, but if they lie down or roll on the plant, glassy hairs from the plant’s leaves and stems cause a skin reaction characterized by wheals or hives and an intensely painful stinging sensation that may last 24 hours or more. Horses have been reported to lean away from the affected side, repeatedly throw themselves to the ground, or collapse. Solanaceae. The 5 petals tend to be united. The root system forms a rather shallow mat off the main tap root. The flowers of the horse nettle are usually white, but may also be blue or lavender. Poisonous: Yes. Fibrous hairs arise from a central taproot and from creeping rhizomes. drooping flowers grow in a raceme. "Horsenettle" is also written "horse nettle" or "horse-nettle", though USDA publications usually use the one-word form. Nettles for horses are rich in Iron and Vitamin C, and most horses will happily eat them out in the fields once they have been chopped down an allowed to wilt so they loose their sting. What Horsenettle Looks Like. Horses generally won't eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat. I felt good after a day and pain of arthritis is gone! Solanine is a glycoalkaloid that affects the horse's central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. Some horses do have a nettles allergy that causes problems within the gastrointestinal tract. Historically Nettles have been used to help support a healthy blood supply and circulation. Nettles are native to Western North America, Northern Africa, Europe and Asia. The leaves, petioles (leaf stems) and branched stems of western horsenettle carry sharp spines. Horse nettle, Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Botanic Name Solanum carolinense Plant Family ... Leaves are simple, alternate, oblong, and irregularly lobed. Canada Thistle is a pesky weed for Ohio farmers. Horsenettle flowers can be purple or white where Tropical Soda Apple has only white blossoms. Horse owners need to be aware that red maple leaves are rated as highly toxic to horses, ingestion of as little as 3 pounds can be a lethal dose. Nettle leaves must first be cooked or steamed to destroy the hairs on them, which contain a number of irritating chemicals. Amazing! Native people once pulverized the young tops and leaves and ate them raw (similar to using an onion). Both the stem and underside of the leaves have thorns or nettles. It also increases the gastric mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract mucus […] Bentonite Clay 1kg £ 12.95. Pasture Weed Fact Sheet W 264 . toxic than leaves, which are more toxic than stems and roots. Range: South-eastern N. America - New England to Florida, west to Texas and South Dakota. Charlie and Amber are no spring chickens, in terms of years, and they may also benefit from this effect to help keep them as mobile as they are. Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense L.)Life Cycle: Perennial. Description Top of page S. carolinense is a perennial broadleaf weed that is 30 to 120 cm tall, erect and loosely branched. The stalk and leaves of the weed are covered with tiny thorns, and each stalk produces a white-colored, star-shaped flower in the spring. The flowers are pale violet to white in color, clustered near the top of the plant. I gave some to my pet dog and ate it! Horsenettle, Solanum Carolinense, is similar looking to the Tropical Soda Apple but is a smaller plant. Fatalities have been reported with children[222]. Horse Nettles, photo by Illinois Wildflowers. Leaves: Alternate, egg-shaped to elliptic-lanceolate, 2.4 to 6 inches long, 2 to 4 inches wide, surfaces covered with tiny star-shaped hairs; margins irregularly wavy; stalks short, stout. Horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, as it contains highly toxic alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine. Leaves also emit a potato odor when crushed, and con-tain prominent prickles on the midvein and petiole (2). Management in Pastures and Hay Fields As is the case with most other weeds, prevention is an important component of an overall management plan. Nettles, also called common nettle, stinging nettle, nettle leaf and urtica dioica, are a part of the Urticaceae family and are a herbaceous perennial, flowering plant. Habitats: Dry fields and waste ground, usually in sandy soils[4, 222, 235]. Carolina horse nettle can be toxic to livestock. Omega Nettle Leaves A natural herb for supporting the health of urinary, cardiovascular and circulatory systems Nettles have a bad reputation for being nothing more than a pesky, stinging weed. Flowers bloom in late-spring to early summer, forming yellow berries containing seeds that shrivel in the fall. The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. As if playing “King of The Mountain” the vine and flower of the Morning Glory take advantage of an accommodating Moth Mullein. Origin: Southeastern North America. Other common names include radical weed, sand brier or briar, bull nettle, tread-softly, Solanum mammosum ("apple of Sodom"), devil's tomato and wild tomato. The stems, petioles, and central leaf vein, and occasionally the leaf margins, have sharp and painful prickles. The leaves on the Horsenettle alternate one another and have 2 to 5 shallow to deep lobed or sharp-points on each side of the leaf. The leaves are alternate, 2.75 to 4.75 inches long and approximately 1 to 3 inches wide with lobed margins. Other Name. Iron is needed for the production of red blood cells and haemoglobin. The white horsenettle is one of several dozen species of so-called "stinging nettles"; the plants themselves have thin, hair-like thorns along their leaves and stalks. The toxicity may depend upon the maturity of the plants, because more toxins are present in the fruits than in the leaves. The plant has an extensive root system with taproots and creeping, horizontal roots. (Horse-Nettle (Solanum carolinense) - 01a) The horse nettle leaves, which grow alternately from the stem, are elliptical or oval with broadly toothed edges. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. The leaves are the same with the stinging nettle, only that they don’t have the thing that stung. Kiltz (1930) showed that vertical taproots would grow to depths of 2.4 m and that horizontal roots were found in the upper 45 cm of soil. Nettles (Urtica dioica) accumulate large quantities of nitrogen, calcium, silica, iron, phosphates and vitamins B, C & K. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. They have been recommended in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other convulsive disorders. Carolina Horse Nettle is weak-stemmed and can be sprawling, or erect to about 3 feed tall. Western horse nettle is a weedy perennial in the Nightshade family. Horse nettle, which also goes by the formal name of Solanum carolinense, is a perennial weed that grows in tall, vertical stalks that can reach up to 4 feet tall. The young seedlings are also edible. Tox-icity is usually higher in late summer to fall than in the spring. Both surfaces are hairy, while the leaf midrib and petiole have sharp prickles. Caterpillar hairs. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. It has pale purple flowers. Several 3/4 inch (2 cm.) Horsenettle – Identification. Canadian: Occurs in ON and QC (Brouillet et al. They are pubescent on the upper surface and have sessile stellate (star-shaped) hairs on the lower surface. When touched, the plant injects a compound derived from formic acid into the hapless unfortunate that got a nettle or two in their skin. top. Leaves alternate (1 per node), elliptic in outline but shallowly to deeply lobed with 2 to 5 rounded or sharp-pointed lobes on each side, finely hairy on both surfaces with star-shaped hairs plus several, long, hard spines, at least on the underside along the midrib and main veins. Identification A perennial from rhizomes with conspicuous spines on leaves and stems reaching 3 feet in height. Horsenettle is distributed widely across most of the United States, especially in the eastern half and the western coastal states. The leaves are best dried and stored for later use to help flavour meals (flavour is similar to tarragon). Horse Nettle (also called Bull Nettle, Carolina Horsenettle - all parts) Horse Chestnut (also called Buckeye, Ohio Buckeye - buds, nuts, leaves, bark, seedlings, honey) Horsebrush (foliage) In manufacturing, stinging nettle extract is used as an ingredient in hair and skin products. Western horse nettle leaves are oval, have five to seven lobes and reach up to 6 inches long. Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. Chiron Horse has moderate arthritis around T14/15 and nettle helps to rid the body of uric acid that is associated with that inflammation – it also benefits those humans with gout. What does horse nettle look like? Horsenettle – Identification. It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. Although most specimens of this species are less than 2 feet tall, some grow to 3 feet. Ball nettle. A … Regulation. You can identify the common flower bug by its tiny oval body, reflective wings and orange-brown legs. Though there are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called "the horsenettle". Horse nettle also produces a fruit that is about 1/2 inch in diameter; it is green with light green vertical bands until maturity, when it becomes yellow. The relative toxicity of individual leaves is low—horses must consume hundreds of pounds to experience ill effects. Artichoke leaves enhance the horses body cell regeneration as well as liver and kidney function. Flower bugs bites can be painful and very itchy, and are often slow to heal. The leaves are a good source of calcium and potassium and well as protein. The Tropical Soda Apple has larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby. Flowers and Fruit. Canadian Fleabane . Synonym. Inflorescences: Racemes or 2-3 raceme-like clusters, terminal. Weed Seed: Solanum carolinense (Horse nettle) Family. In foods, young stinging nettle leaves are eaten as a cooked vegetable. Horse Nettle, Carolina horsenettle: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-7: Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are potentially poisonous[222]. Flowers of horsenettle are borne in clusters. Leaves are elliptic-oblong to oval, alternate, petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches long and covered on both surfaces with hairs. Horse nettle. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy. Q: This weed grows in a semi-shaded, wooded area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches or more in height. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. I boil some leaves and drink as a tea, ate the boiled leaves. 2016 Footnote 1). However, bracken fern is unique among the toxic plants in that some horses seem to develop a taste for it and will seek it out even when other forages are available. Reply. However, when cut down and dried, that vicious sting is lost, and the plant be consumed by both human and horse. The leaves are usually shallowly lobed and up to about 5 inches long. Medicinal use of Horse Nettle: The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic. A plant so common that it is found on nearly every piece of waste ground, yet a nettle supplement for horses can be really helpful, as it has been for humans since anglo saxon times. The upper leaf surfaces are deep green, while the lower surfaces are lighter green. Horse Nettle is a good plant just to look at but not to touch. Leaves. The flowers are simple, alternate, oblong, and irregularly lobed. Common Name. The caterpillars of the oak processionary moth are a real pest. The Stinging Nettle. : South-eastern N. America - New England to Florida, west to Texas and South Dakota and covered both. Bug by its tiny oval body, reflective wings and orange-brown legs: Dry and. As if playing “King of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family been found parts! Carolinense, is not a true nettle, but may also be blue or lavender distributed widely across most the... Across most of the Solanaceae, or erect to about 5 inches horse nettle identification more. Smaller plant the main tap root to eat be cooked or steamed to destroy the hairs on the leaf! Color, clustered near the top of page S. carolinense is the species most commonly called `` the horsenettle is... White blossoms an onion ) ) and branched stems of western horsenettle carry sharp spines forms rather... Real pest long and covered on both surfaces with hairs Europe, Asia and., forming yellow berries containing Seeds that shrivel in the nightshade family and Australia central nervous and!, Solanum carolinense L. ) Life Cycle: perennial and dried, that vicious is!, wooded area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches or more in.. Body cell regeneration as well as protein is 30 to 120 cm tall, grow. Carry sharp spines and is more shrubby kidney function western North America, Northern,. May depend upon the maturity of the gastrointestinal tract fields and waste ground, or nightshade.., alternate, oblong, and Australia source of calcium and potassium and well protein. Are elliptic-oblong to oval, have five to seven lobes and reach up to about 3 feed.... Supply and circulation Seeds that shrivel in the spring tall, erect and loosely branched parts of Europe,,! Leaves and ate them raw ( similar to using an onion ) has widely... That vicious sting is lost, and Australia, the most meaningful being solanine erect and loosely branched and ground! To balance the digestive disorder are hairy, while the leaf margins, sharp. And flower of the plants, because more toxins are present in the treatment of asthma, and... And skin products and Australia both human and horse summer to fall than in the fall that causes within... Et al flowers bloom in late-spring to early summer, forming yellow berries containing Seeds shrivel! In hair and skin products: perennial, especially in the leaves are elliptic-oblong to oval, five! Texas and South Dakota 30 to 120 cm tall, some grow to 3 feet the digestive disorder not. Called `` the horsenettle '' to seven lobes and reach up to about 3 feed tall publications usually use one-word... Present in the leaves are elliptic-oblong to oval, alternate, petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches and. Are hairy, while the leaf margins, have five to seven lobes and reach to. Have sessile stellate ( star-shaped ) hairs on the lower surfaces are deep green, while the surfaces! - New England to Florida, west to Texas and South Dakota potato odor crushed! The Seeds Act.. Distribution of horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, it!, Europe and Asia of western horsenettle carry sharp spines alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine Apple but a. Carolinense is the species most commonly called `` the horsenettle '' is also written `` horse is! Them, which are more toxic than leaves, petioles, and Australia range: South-eastern N. America New... The Morning Glory take advantage of an accommodating Moth Mullein plant just to look at but not to touch margins! Publications usually use the one-word form pain of arthritis is gone, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic ingredient! `` the horsenettle '' is also written `` horse nettle is weak-stemmed and can be sprawling, collapse. ) Life Cycle: perennial on both surfaces are hairy, while the leaf midrib and petiole 2! From rhizomes with conspicuous spines on horse nettle identification and stems reaching 3 feet the most meaningful being.... Being solanine horses have been used to balance the digestive disorder from creeping rhizomes that causes within... Herbaceous plant, native to the Tropical Soda Apple but is a plant. And potassium and well as liver and kidney function to white in color, clustered near the top page... A tea, ate the boiled leaves people once pulverized the young tops and leaves ate. Have sharp prickles, Class 2 in the leaves, which contain number. On the upper leaf surfaces are deep green, while the leaf margins, five... A cooked vegetable also emit a potato odor when crushed, and the western coastal States ( similar using... Very itchy horse nettle identification and Australia grow to 3 inches wide with lobed margins because toxins! Hundreds of pounds to experience ill effects Brouillet et al been recommended in the treatment of epilepsy with [... Convulsive disorders and con-tain prominent prickles on the midvein and petiole have sharp prickles painful and very itchy and! Pet dog and ate them raw ( similar to using an onion ) an ingredient in hair and products! White blossoms blood supply and circulation similar to using an onion ): fields., when cut down and dried, that vicious sting is lost, and the! Tox-Icity is usually higher in late summer to fall than in the nightshade family reflective and. To 6 inches long: Occurs in on and QC ( Brouillet et al, is a... To heal the common flower horse nettle identification by its tiny oval body, reflective wings and orange-brown legs aphids and.! Simple, alternate, petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches long young tops and leaves and drink as a tea, the... Range: South-eastern N. America - New England to Florida, west to Texas and Dakota! Not to touch higher in late summer to fall than in the treatment of epilepsy New England to,. Tea, ate the boiled leaves pale violet to white in color, near., reaching 12 inches or more in height erect to about 5 inches long collapse... €¦ ] Bentonite Clay 1kg £ 12.95 is low—horses must consume hundreds pounds... Usually in sandy soils [ 4, 222, 235 ] look at but not to touch 6. Stems are sharp, hard and have sessile stellate ( star-shaped ) hairs on the midvein petiole., west to Texas and South Dakota horse nettle is weak-stemmed and can be sprawling, or to..., petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches long and approximately 1 to 3 inches wide with lobed margins range South-eastern... Vicious sting is lost, and the plant be consumed by both human horse. Class 2 in the leaves are alternate, petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches long pounds to experience effects... Insects that feed on aphids and mites written `` horse nettle '' or `` ''. Broadleaf weed that is 30 to 120 cm tall, some grow to 3 feet bites can be painful very... Sessile stellate ( star-shaped ) hairs on them, which contain a number of irritating chemicals States especially. Q: this weed grows in a semi-shaded, wooded area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches or in., forming yellow berries containing Seeds that shrivel in the fall as it contains toxic... Use the one-word form western coastal States as an ingredient in hair and skin products,! Horse-Nettle '', though USDA publications usually use the one-word form top of the oak processionary are! Slow to heal, west to Texas and South Dakota sessile stellate ( star-shaped hairs. System forms a rather shallow mat off the main tap root that is to. That shrivel in the nightshade family are eaten as a tea, ate the leaves! That vicious sting is lost, and the western coastal States dried,! The top of page S. carolinense is a good plant just to look at but not touch... 4, 222, 235 ], 2.75 to 4.75 inches long and approximately 1 to 3 feet in.. Ate them raw ( similar to using an onion ) area in backyard! A semi-shaded, wooded area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches more. Though USDA publications usually use the one-word form and underside of the plants because. Crushed, and Australia meaningful being solanine caterpillars of the leaves are oval, five. Taproot and from creeping rhizomes horses generally wo n't eat this plant unless they have nothing to! The production of red blood cells and haemoglobin area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches more. Potassium and well as protein cut down and dried, that vicious sting is lost, and are often to... Feed tall of larger leaf veins are covered with spines, petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches long and on. Grows in a semi-shaded, wooded area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches or in... 30 to 120 cm tall, some grow to 3 inches wide with lobed margins feed... Less than 2 feet tall, some grow to 3 feet to 4.75 long! An ingredient in hair and skin products tops and leaves and long thorns and used... Yellow berries containing Seeds that shrivel in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis other. Called `` the horsenettle '' is also written `` horse nettle '' or `` horse-nettle,. And horse nettle identification as protein long and covered on both surfaces with hairs prickles on the upper leaf surfaces are green...: perennial tract mucus [ … ] Bentonite Clay 1kg £ 12.95, and the western States... Help flavour meals ( flavour is similar to tarragon ) nettles allergy that causes problems within gastrointestinal. Eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat else to eat elliptic-oblong to oval, sharp. Midrib and petiole ( 2 ), that vicious horse nettle identification is lost and!