Ensuring safe and quality health care for all patients requires physicians to understand how each patient’s sociocultural background affects his or her health beliefs and behavior. The growing number and mobility among Muslims make certain that healthcare providers globally will encounter Muslim … There are several characteristics of culture impacting the interactions between Middle Eastern and Western peoples. ��� �C� @� 9�? Consider the following scenarios: A married 32-year-old Middle Eastern female with uterine fibroids … ��Q�Q�7X~���܏U�TJ6�Bv�h��k[�[�9k��X�����z�ڸ\�|۾��9*"11}�!�w#�� �'�ȹ���w3e����`�`�w�_`��ٕ��Q����ݗ�����l��-��f3�V*�eҏ8I-���8���-Za�3����n��ʻ�! <> 3 0 obj ��� �C� @� 9�? This site needs JavaScript to work properly. The Crescent of Care nursing model is derived from an ethnographic study of the health beliefs and care meanings of Arab Muslim nurses caring for Arab Muslim patients in the Middle East region. 2005 Feb 1;71(3):515-22. ��� �C� @� 9�? Cultural Competence is a Journey, Not a Destination. -, Science. ��� �C� @� 9�? endobj In collectivist cultures absolute loyalty is expected to one’s immediate and extended family/tribe. Some families may insist on knowing the diagnosis before the patient and may then decide how much to actually relay to the patient… 2020 Mar 9;22(3):e14646. Although Middle Easterners vary ethnically, they do share a core of common values and behavior that include the importance of affiliation and family, time and space orientations, interactional style and attitudes toward health … Another characteristic that distinguishes Middle Eastern management communication style from that of the West is related to the perception of time and space. The (WFMH) was originally created in 1948 and works in concert with the World Health Organization (WHO). Cultural expressions affecting patient care. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. 2015 Aug 15;15:20. doi: 10.1186/s12914-015-0058-7. ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? Family involvement is "a significant contributor to the emotional, social, and psychological well-being of the patient" (Halligan, 2006, p. 1568). It is these popular healing traditions and their connection to Islam that represent the substance of this brief essay. �����w�X��w1�? Health Science project by Kate, Will, Alex, Andrea. Understanding the Middle Eastern health environment, the cultural perceptions of health and illness, and the social factors that interplay in the patient's personal decisions are essential for the betterment of health service provision to this population. ��� �C� @� 9�? He was a middle-aged man from a large city in Saudi Arabia. The author describes health beliefs and practices of the Arab Muslim population in the United States. %���� endobj Cross cultural issues in adolescent medicine. ��u&�؆��ML��D��Ogap0�� {I�0)�I�;��w�9���-��*���b��M��\�A,�} c���NJ;iv���2��.wF�l�'o��(�̀�'���*^P��i��|�u��o�lݲn_ �VQ�D�y�� In 1998, the World Mental Health Survey Initiative was conducted by the World Federation for Mental Health. ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? <>/XObject<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> ��� �C� @� 9�? %PDF-1.5 ��� �C� @� 9�? There are guidelines that will provide an understanding of the cultural characteristics of Middle Easterners and, therefore, will improve rather than impede their health care. ��� �C� @� 9�? Due to a lack of ignorance and cultural values, the practice of family planning is considered wrong. May face sity … ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? For example, among patients traveling to the U.S. for care, those from the Middle East comprise more than those from any other region (Johnson & Garman, 2010). Medical care can be excellent in Israel, Turkey and Gulf cities, with well-trained doctors and nurses, but can be patchier elsewhere. ��� �C� @� 9�? The growing number and mobility among Muslims make certain that healthcare providers globally will encounter Muslim … Unit 1 – (Basic) Introduction of Culture and Patient Care Review history of Muslim people in the United States and Michigan . While generalizations of Middle Eastern culture are readily apparent, some variation and extremes are found within the geographical area known as the Middle East. For example, among patients traveling to the U.S. for care, those from the Middle East comprise more than those from any other region (Johnson & Garman, 2010). endstream �ǁ����ű��4�? eCollection 2016 Jan-Dec. Shishehgar S, Gholizadeh L, DiGiacomo M, Davidson PM. The term Arab is associated with a particular region of the world. Reciprocal health arrangements with countries rarely exist, and you should be prepared to … Cultural competence does not mean endorsing another’s beliefs, but simply making room in your world for that person to hold their beliefs. <> For example, in some places in the Middle East, it is not a social taboo for an Arab man and woman from the same family to enter into a consanguineous marriage (Obeidat,Khadar, Omarin, Kassawneh, & Omari, 2010; Pedersen, 2002; Grant & Bittles, 1997). A good way to think about cultural competency is through practicing Cultural humility. ��Ĺ�;�O�_��� �K+�>S��&`�G��? ��� �C� @� 9�? Ethnic elders and American health care--a physician's perspective. 4�����:����� Ф�٥�_�(��|�L�[�? ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? endobj ��� �C� @� 9�? -, Soc Sci Med. Relationships between Middle Eastern patients and Western health care professionals are often troubled by mutual misunderstanding of culturally influenced values and communication styles. ��� �C� @� 9�? Abstract. -. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. The Middle East branch of the Faith & Belief Forum, based in Jerusalem, runs a ground-breaking project for improved intercultural relations in the healthcare sector. In the World Health Organization’s (WHO) World Health Report issued in 2000, the UAE ranked 27 in the world for its performance. Family planning services is very low in the Middle East, resulting in many pregnancies and a lack of attention towards women’s health. ��� �C� @� 9�? Family is the foundation of Arab culture. Health care in the Middle East With rapidly growing economies linked to oil, tourism and the financial industry, countries in this area have a large population of expats from all around the world. We know something about the people of the Middle East, but we are not well acquainted with certain important cultural patterns of that area. NLM ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? Among many Asian Americans, touching a person's head may be impolite because that's where they believe the spirit resides. Ann N Y Acad Sci. ��� �C� @� 9�? assimilation of health care practices, and follow through with medical. studies have been completed on the general health beliefs of Muslim patients, there are few studies in medical, nursing, or allied health related to the health. �٣G�o{i�|�O � �u���~��L � �����"�˷���]P� -����צ:��� �� 2016 May 22;3:2333393616650082. doi: 10.1177/2333393616650082. Included in these constructs for health beliefs of. 4�ݑ�7=w����L�]��� Ѐ����^���uL�m��� P������6��2�� �� � u{��L��i�P��� P�c#����;��� P�Q � ��],ڻ���L � 5��g��9U����&�� ��. evaluation and treatment. Traditional healing methods Although not found in all Muslim cultures, the use of traditional healing methods and folk remedies is common among Muslims of varying cultural roots and some are based on Prophetic medicine (Tibb al-Nabawi). BMC Int Health Hum Rights. ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? Men and women in the Middle East marry first or second cousins for various reasons. ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? stream With a growing Muslim population in many parts of the world - including 2.7 million Muslims in England and Wales (Office for National Statistics, 2011) and nearly 77,000 in Scotland (National Records of Scotland, 2011) - it is reasonable to assume that nurses frequently encounter Muslim patients in the healthcare system and … ��� �C� @� 9�? But beyond that, it is the exposure to racism itself that has … ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? Cultures differ in how much they encourage individuality and uniqueness vs. conformity and interdependence. Biomedical refers to the belief system generally held in the US in which life “is controlled by a series of physical and biochemical processes that can be studied and manipulated by humans” (Andrews & Boyle, 2008, p.68). ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? The reason hides behind the bitter truth: the strong social and cultural stigmas the Middle East carries against mental illness – stigmas that prevent discussions, education, and aid. ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? The reason hides behind the bitter truth: the strong social and cultural stigmas the Middle East carries against mental illness – stigmas that prevent discussions, education, and aid. -, Soc Sci Med. 5 0 obj ���N,��_�XuT� @�^��g��^�u� h���:{%�;o����� �w�>8�c�t������ �_'�^*㿁 �� ���V�xe��ϏU2n�j� �'ޙ)�|�O��+@� @�9>w��c7���V@@� @_L�[*�� pK�@� @��V�>8���ۚ /�:�? ��� �C� @� 9�? ��� �C� @� 9�? In addition, periodic use of cultural interpreters helps ameliorate the ��� �C� @� 9�? Middle Eastern Culture. ��� �C� @� 9�? x���]o�0��#�?��N�;��J%@�mLtA�E����I��n꿟���&$���9�y�h�yz;ry �I For example, in some places in the Middle East, it is not a social taboo for an Arab man and woman from the same family to enter into a consanguineous marriage (Obeidat,Khadar, Omarin, Kassawneh, & Omari, 2010; Pedersen, 2002; Grant & Bittles, 1997). Cross-cultural communication in the physician's office. A person seeking medical care may be accompanied by one or more people in Mid-Eastern culture who expect to be present during the medical examination or interview, who listen carefully and often answer for the patient. 1968 Sep;2(3):235-48 Historically prophetic me… �8~fA� @�KK+{M� H�챙{^��� 0��;u��� C��������]� @�ǎN�_>� C����,�� ��6u~������ 0�.-����ٻ���x� �ҡ��_>� C�㩅N�wO � C�����^�Z����� 0d�o��~�N�� 2�F.�_>� Cl���O^����� �� `h���ٻ~=Q��&�� �����~t`����V�� �!pjf����m2�? 1977 Apr 8;196(4286):129-36 Cultural influences on presentation of symptoms and mental health problems also need to be considered.  |  ��� �C� @� 9�? -, J Biosoc Sci. Cultural values have an impact on the assessment of patients’ cultural needs, as well as on the planning and delivery of nursing care. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Many patients come from Muslim-majority nations in the Middle East to Western healthcare systems. stream Some belive in illness in atonment for sins. USA.gov. 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