If the Save method is not called, the mock will throw an execption when we verify it. Pretty straightforward. Moq: Mock..::.. Verify Method : Mock Class Example See Also Send Feedback: Verifies that all verifiable expectations have been met. Out parameters. To make your life a lot easier and quicker, if you're doing a SetUp or method that has input parameters, in most situations, it's easier to simply tell Moq to return your data regardless of the input value. You can then use the callback method to set local variables in your Unit Test method and make assertions in a "clean" manner. I believe that the problem in the fact that Moq will check for equality. In the last post of this series, we discussed how to track parameters with Moq, and in this post we will discuss how to test properties get and set operations with Moq. c#,unit-testing,moq. Finding the solution and clear examples explaining was difficult, and there seems to be some gaps in the Moq framework which adds confusion to the subject. Brian has been coding since the 90s and enjoys working with a variety of languages. In essence, I needed a way to change the value of a passed in parameter of a mocked method if the parameter was an “out” parameter, or if it was passed in by reference, either implicitly, or with the “ref” keyword. This is because C# will prefer to resolve the bound open generic method (Moq has it) instead of the closed generic variations (ILogger.Moq one) when it comes to method resolution. This is because C# will prefer to resolve the bound open generic method (Moq has it) instead of the closed generic variations (ILogger.Moq one) when it comes to method resolution. -- -- Post: moq...@googlegroups.com Unsubscribe: moqdisc-u ...@googlegroups.com--- You received this message because you are subscribed to the … previous page next page Collapse All Expand All C#. One of the most important principle when we test a piece of code is our code should only fail for one reason. Creating a new Test Project: On the File menu, choose Add, and then choose New Project …. Dans le Verify Moq par défaut vérifie l'égalité de référence pour les arguments de sorte qu'il ne passe que lorsque vous fournissez les mêmes instances (sauf si vous avez dépassé Equals) dans vos tests et dans votre implémentation.. Dans votre cas le expectedA.Value retourne new A { P1 = 1 } créé dans le test qui est en cours n'est pas la même instance créée en DoSomethingWith. Given: ... You can use It.IsAny<> to ignore supplying any specific parameter value or use lamda expression with it to create the mocked expression. Mark it verifiable! I'm trying to mock some 3rd party lib in UnitTest. Your email address will not be published. Is it some kind of limitation for structs? It is not currently accepting answers. Consider this class: public class Content { public virtual bool IsCheckedOut {get; private set;} public virtual void CheckOut() { IsCheckedOut = true; } public virtual void CheckIn() { //Do Nothing for now as demonstrating false positive test. I want to test that my component behaves well when there are two pages of data but can't figure out how to change data in out parameter in Setup() method. One method of the mocked interface implementation is accepting a parameter of type Expression< Check calls Received() for async method. Say you want to verify that Status == "Success", the following looks like it would work, but it doesn't: A better way to directly make assertions on the log value by using a Callback to pluck out the arguments into local variables in your unit test: You can see here that the Callback has overrides that match the arguments supplied to the mocked method. Sometimes it is useful, but if you’d like to get actual values of the passed arguments like inputValue or to set the value of the out parameter, Callback method should be used. For most of my tests, I like to use Moq, the .NET mocking library that allows you to mock objects and services.It's one of the best libraries for complementing and supporting unit tests. javascript – window.addEventListener causes browser slowdowns – Firefox only. Essentially, unless you're passing the same instance to the call that you're passing to the Setup, it will fail to match the Setup. / Published in: C#. For a Moq user the only change, and I think not that annoying, is she has to call VerifyLog, which comes from the Moq.ILogger package instead of Verify, which is part of Moq itself. With VerifySet we can take a more direct approach in verifying that the property on our mock object is set with our value. I really appreciate Moq's Loose mocking behaviour that returns default values when no expectations are set. I've a mockup with a method that has out parameter. © 2014 - All Rights Reserved - Powered by. Verify an array parameter in Moq. I need to ensure that when an exception was raised my logger would be called Times.Once and would log the correct level of detail in the message. Improve your unit tests with Moq and Mock.Of<>() 10 December 2015 Posted in unit test, moq, mocking. Verifying Method Pass The Correct Argument You can use ItExpr.Ref. This ensures that the flow of the program is as expected. I'm having a trouble to setup mock method of my interface that has first int parameter and second out string parameter that should be set based on value of first parameter. Reply. This is related to a MediatR 3.0 upgrade, but I'm sure the problem extends to any method that is mock-able that uses a default value as one of its parameters. Also, be aware of a bug with Mock where the error message states that the method was called multiple times when it wasn’t called at all. In your Example. Victor Mukherjee #6. 0. We will use Callback feature to retrieve the parameter. You can rate examples to help us improve the quality of examples. MOQ object setup scope / context being lost with builder pattern unit test and web api controller. Why. That means it’s OK to have multiple asserts per test as long as all of those are in line to test one thing. In essence, I needed a way to change the value of a passed in parameter of a mocked method if the parameter was an “out” parameter, or if it was passed in by reference, either implicitly, or with the “ref” keyword. 1. Setting up moq and verifying that a method was called. To carry out this task, those methods of the mocked objects which are expected to be called are set by various overloads of the Setup method. ohterClassMock.Verify(mock => mock.MethodToTest(It.Is(c => contract.Equals(c)))); ohterClassMock.Verify(mock => mock.MethodToTest(It.Is(c => contract2.Equals(c)))); This assumes you have implemented IEquatable and/or overridden Object.Equals on your Contract object. Moq provides a library that makes it simple to set up, test, and verify mocks. I'm having a trouble to setup mock method of my interface that has first int parameter and second out string parameter that should be set based on value of first parameter. With mocks, you can set up the object, including giving parameters and return values on method calls and setting properties. Moq verify async method called. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Partial answer: Posted on May 16, 2017 by admin Leave a Comment. Any ideas? Verify Method Moq. You can do this with 'It'. The Save method is taking our logEntry as an argument, so in theory we should be able to evaluate it! Setting uploads of Moq code that only returns based on a pre-filled out parameter takes ages. By the way, how could I extract the expression from the Verify call? had setup returning from some kind of dequeue object – each time the function was called it would pull an item from a queue. Was going down a rabbit hole trying to figure out how to check param value on a mocked method (pretty simple if truth be told). How can I setup a mock and verify that the method was called when not all parameters are supplied? What does Expression.Quote() do that Expression.Constant() can’t already do? Trace: Moq.MockException : Must change next item. In fact nothing (if you ask me). This is a delegate that takes a couple of parameters and returns a value: ... It’s a lambda used by Moq to set up or verify the function. How can I setup a mock and verify that the method was called when not all parameters are supplied? It works only when I don’t check a particular value. As you can see above, this method first verify that all the expectations that we set up for our fake instances are actually met. 1. I use underscore by convention because I don’t actually care what that thing is or use any of its properties. Currently we can do this using For many situations, we don't want to go through the ceremony of 1. creating a mock 2. setting up behavior 3. accessing the underlying proxied object when passing the mock to our code For these times Moq has a static Ofmethod which takes a generic parameter that gives us something we can use directly in our tests. This issue is being caused by your GetDat method taking a ref parameter. Brian Ali says: March 11, 2009 at 1:09 pm . C# (CSharp) Mock.VerifySet - 30 examples found. Save to your folder(s) Example 1: I'm verifying that the list that is passed in has 3 attachments. Important !! It puts result data in out parameter while returns bool signaling if more data is available. Mocking properties. Open raw image of a computer (created with FTK Imager) using C# WPF, .net – How to correctly read the method signature of the .Any function in C#, c# – i need help to upload a image in datagridview. I noticed that Moq 4.13.0 introduced the generic type matcher It.IsAnyType. / Published in: C#. 4. You can also verify that the methods you set up are being called in the tested code. I don't think it defeats the purpose of specifying a default value. Most service classes have constructors, which accept all dependencies in form of interfaces. I can see that the Invocations are set and there is only one invocation with values that were actually set. C#; public void Verify Examples. How do I verify mocked async method called with correct expression , I have written some tests using XUnit and Moq. This example sets up an expectation and marks it as verifiable. This type of testing is performed by developers for proper validating proper functioning of the service. This is a delegate that takes a couple of parameters and returns a value: ... It’s a lambda used by Moq to set up or verify the function. this question Verify value of reference parameter with Moq. For example, if you have logging in place that gets generated inside the method... you otherwise would not have acces to the property. The event handling code is HandleMyTextEvent(string text). Moq – Verifying parameter values on a mocked method call. I use underscore by convention because I don’t actually care what that thing is or use any of its properties. These are the top rated real world C# (CSharp) examples of Mock.VerifySet extracted from open source projects. One method of the mocked interface implementation is accepting a parameter of type Expression Everything seems to be working well but I have trouble understanding the working of verifying that the method is called with the right expression. Hi, everyone. Let me show you what I mean by an example. How To Use Moq To Make Sure A Method Gets Called. Finding the solution and clear examples explaining was difficult, and there seems to be some gaps in the Moq framework which adds confusion to the subject. Moq: check to see the value of passed in parameters. When needing to verify some method call, Moq provides a Verify-metod on the Mock object: So, what’s wrong with this piece of code? In the New Project dialog box, expand Installed, expand Visual C#, and then choose Test. To check if one of your dependencies method/properties has been called, you would write the following snippet: When your test runs, if 'SetCookie' isn't called then an exception will be thrown. Given: Load(object id, params Expression>[] includePath) Where params makes it optional, I can't verify the call without specifying the 2nd argument. Required for protected mocks as the null value cannot be used directly as it prevents proper method overload selection. Brian is CTO of Altangent Labs. Moq is a great mocking framework for.NET. You can rate examples to help us improve the quality of examples. Essentially, unless you're passing the same instance to the call that you're passing to the Setup, it will fail to match the Setup. To check if one of your dependencies method/properties has been called, you would write the following snippet: When your test runs, if 'SetCookie' isn't called then an exception will be thrown. I had methods on the view-model that were automatically bound to buttons in the user interface using Caliburn.Micro’s convention-based bindings. On the flip side of the coin, … The problem I was writing unit tests for a WPF application using the MVVM pattern supported by Caliburn.Micro. Verifying a specific parameter with Moq . This type of testing is performed by developers for proper validating proper functioning of the service. I’m trying to verify that messageServiceClient is receiving the right parameter, which is an XmlElement, but I can’t find any way to make it work. 0. Artificial intelligence in the manufacturing market is steadily growing at a CAGR of 49.5% to 2025 and will reach the US $ 17.2 . a method was only called a specified number of times, a method was called with specific arguments. They might have fixed it by now – but if you see that message you might consider verifying that the method was actually called. c# - setupget - moq verify Affectation de paramètres out/ref dans Moq (6) Alors que la question porte sur le Moq 3 (probablement en raison de son âge), permettez-moi de poster une solution pour Moq 4.8, qui a beaucoup amélioré le support des paramètres by-ref. c#,unit-testing,moq. According to Moq’s Quickstart, callbacks for methods with ref / out parameters are possible: Setting up moq and verifying that a method was called. Also as part of my set up of this method, I instructed Moq to return the first parameter as the return value. It works only when I don’t check a particular value. How To Use Moq To Make Sure A Method Gets Called. I'm using .NET 4.6.2 and Moq framework 4.2.1510.2205 (runtime version v4.0.20926). How do I verify mocked async method called with correct expression? Partial answer: I’ve found a way to test that the xml sent to the proxy is correct, but I still don’t think it’s the right way to do it. Using the Moq framework, you can create a mock object, set property values, specify parameters, and return values on the method calls. Assert: Verify that the Text property has the expected value; The problem here is in the Act phase. If your lambda expression becomes unwieldy, you could create a function that takes MyObject as input and outputs true/false…. Posted by: admin comments I can verify the specific calls with specific values and it is correct, but when I use It.IsAny it always says 0 calls. I created minimalist sample that can be run in Linqpad: Setting uploads of Moq code that only returns based on a pre-filled out parameter takes ages. Recently I encountered a scenario where I wanted to write a unit test that verifies that a method on a mock (using Moq) was called with the correct array parameter. Consider this class: public class Content { public virtual bool IsCheckedOut {get; private set;} public virtual void CheckOut() { IsCheckedOut = true; } public virtual void CheckIn() { //Do Nothing for now as demonstrating false positive test. And, since XmlElement does not override Equals, it’s implementation will check for reference equality. So we can do: instead of We can even use this to setup multiple properties: This one can help make tests easier to follow … There is an overload that takes a second parameter to check against the value set on the property, but when using strings there is some ambiguity in the API due to other overloads that take a string as a second parameter. Alternatively, you could use a function that takes itemId as input and returns stuff. Creating a … Moq verify async method called. Moq-How to verify that a property value is set via the setter (4) . Posted by: admin November 22, 2017 Leave a comment. You could put all the test statements in a separate method, but I don’t like to do this because it disrupts the flow of reading the test code. It checks for all the possible values to a service and verify for the expected result. In a lambda, the variable name can be anything that isn’t already in scope so the “_” could be anything, e.g. November 22, 2017 These are the top rated real world C# (CSharp) examples of Moq.Moq.Mock.Verify extracted from open source projects. Using http.request will create an instance of ClientRequest and will return an instance of ServerResponse. MOQ object setup scope / context being lost with builder pattern unit test and web api controller. Hello, Consider I would like to capture parameter passed to mock object call to examine it's properties latter. Using Moq we can set a value to the property or get the value out from a property. Moq provides some argument checking methods that we can use; there are: - It.Is ... We will use another way to check the parameter passed to a method. We also use TDD, which means we must write unit tests for every aspect of our code. This out parameter is really used, and I need to populate it with some meaningful value depending on the parameter I receive. Unit testing is used to check how a service behaves in all the circumstances. Out parameters are generally discouraged as they are a sign of a method trying to accomplish too much in its method body. To make your life a lot easier and quicker, if you're doing a SetUp or method that has input parameters, in most situations, it's easier to simply tell Moq to return your data regardless of the input value. Spying includes validation that: Using the Moq framework, we can achieve spying with Verifiable and Callback. How To Use Moq To Make Sure A Method Doesn't Get Called. Can’t you use a custom object, so you can override equals? It is used in unit testing to isolate the tested class from its dependencies and to make sure that the expected methods of the dependent objects are being called. However, the well-known .NET TryParse method also uses an out parameter so you may as well follow that convention and implement your own TryParse method that returns true if the value could be parsed. With Moq, how can I mock protected methods with out parameter , It can be done since moq 4.8.0-rc1 (2017-12-08). It works only when I don’t check a particular value. We cannot put a checking conditional logic in Callback argument. Moq-How to verify that a property value is set via the setter (4) . Save to your folder(s) Example 1: I'm verifying that the list that is passed in has 3 attachments. I’ve found a way to test that the xml sent to the proxy is correct, but I still don’t think it’s the right way to do it. I had methods on the view-model that were automatically bound to buttons in the user interface using Caliburn.Micro’s convention-based bindings. Say you could leave out specifying the bool parameter. You can do this with 'It'. So I want to discuss one specific aspect: guarding the constructor parameters from null values and testing this guard. Here we change the name with ChangeName method, and then verify that FirstName property is indeed set with that value. It's convenient and saves me code, and it also acts as a safety measure: dependencies won't get unintentionally called during the unit test (as long as they are virtual). Thank you for the nice articles. In a lambda, the variable name can be anything that isn’t already in scope so the “_” could be anything, e.g. by mstrid on March 13th, 2012. EDIT: Here is an example of calling verify multiple times for those scenarios where you want to verify that you call a function for each object in a list (for example). I'm using .NET 4.6.2 and Moq framework 4.2.1510.2205 (runtime version v4.0.20926). How to get Moq to verify method that has an out parameter I have an interface definition where the method has an out parameter defined public interface IRestCommunicationService { TResult PerformPost(string url, TData dataToSend, out StandardErrorResult errors); } How to access parameters passed in to a mocked method using Moq. Spending my days writing lots of unit tests lately...You know the drill. How To Use Moq To Make Sure A Method Doesn't Get Called. Given the behavior of most test and mocking frameworks, it will probably save you a lot of grief … We use constructor dependency injection throughout our application. jquery – Scroll child div edge to parent div edge, javascript – Problem in getting a return value from an ajax script, Combining two form values in a loop using jquery, jquery – Get id of element in Isotope filtered items, javascript – How can I get the background image URL in Jquery and then replace the non URL parts of the string, jquery – Angular 8 click is working as javascript onload function. javascript – How to get relative image coordinate of this div? The reason these calls now fail is because there was a behaviour change in that the Type that is being passed in to the logger.Log() generic has changed. However we can assign the passed parameter to an existing object or add it to an existing collection then later we … Another option is to use a callback on the Setup call to store the value that was passed into the mocked method, and then write standard Assert methods to validate it. Moq makes this really easy with its Verify() method. This issue is being caused by your GetDat method taking a ref parameter. Verify an array parameter in Moq. ( x => x.Whatever ). However when targeting .NET Core 3.0 (Preview 8), Moq now fails to verify these calls. If the verification logic is non-trivial, it will be messy to write a large lambda method (as your example shows). ohterClassMock.Verify(mock => mock.MethodToTest(It.Is(c => contract.Equals(c)))); ohterClassMock.Verify(mock => mock.MethodToTest(It.Is(c => contract2.Equals(c)))); This assumes you have implemented IEquatable and/or overridden Object.Equals on your Contract object. (function() { var options , callback , req; options = { host: '192.168.0.152', port: I have a method that makes a series of calls to random to generate a pseudorandom alpha-numeric order number. Translate. But a lot of times VerifyAll used at the end of the test after we asserted some kind of return value. Verifiable is straight forward. I used the Moq framework, and when I set up the method in question, I defaulted the optional parameters. Recently I encountered a scenario where I wanted to write a unit test that verifies that a method on a mock (using Moq) was called with the correct array parameter. The problem I was writing unit tests for a WPF application using the MVVM pattern supported by Caliburn.Micro. Moq’s Setup, Verify, Verifiable and Callback Methods (The code here is C#) When trying to verify parameters passed to a method on a mocked object: Method 1: • Use Setup (which has taken the place of Expect) • Use It.Is(x => x == ExpectedParameter) • The lambda expression can be as complex as you like, as long as it returns a Boolean • !! I have written some tests using XUnit and Moq. Then it’s asserting the return value … One method of the mocked interface implementation is accepting a parameter of type Expression< Check calls Received() for async method. We can start by creating an instance of the class we’re testing, along with a mock of an interface we want to use. How do I verify mocked async method called with correct expression , I have written some tests using XUnit and Moq. Given the behavior of most test and mocking frameworks, it will probably save you a lot of grief … The default value is a convenience for calling code, but I think that you should be explicit in your tests. However, when the mockDelorean.Setup() statement was executed, the value of targetYear was 1885 and that is the value that will be used to check if the call to IsValidYear is allowed. powered by Disqus. Leave a comment. by mstrid on March 13th, 2012. One other method I saw on a blog some time back (Phil Haack perhaps?) Mock with callback. With Moq, the common attempt is to use It.Is and specify arguments that match. Setting FixedValue Content Equal to the Value of an Input Parameter. In order to test this method I needed to call Next multiple times to generate the string, but how do you do this in Moq? I’m starting using Moq and struggling a bit. Re: [Moq] Mock without specifying ALL optional parameters? Moq makes this really easy with its Verify() method. To verify that a method was called on the mock, you use a similar syntax but with an included Received in front of the method you expect to be called: movieScore.Received().Score(title); Again, no lambdas, simply call the method you expect the code to call with the parameter expected. It checks for all the possible values to a service and verify for the expected result. 4. How? Moq: check to see the value of passed in parameters. Currently, I've been unable to do this, is it possible? You simply mark the Mock setup with Verifiable and failure to execute will cause an exception. So each time GetStuff is called for that itemId, it will return stuff specific to that item. Hi, everyone. It is now the Internal type FormattedLogValues.. With these two tools, we can verify that methods were called and pluck out the variables that were used when making the call to make Assertions on them. I kind of understand the usefulness of mocking framework, but not completely. Here is my current status: For a Moq user the only change, and I think not that annoying, is she has to call VerifyLog, which comes from the Moq.ILogger package instead of Verify, which is part of Moq itself. Namespace: Moq Assembly: Moq (in Moq.dll) Version: 4.0.10827.0 (4.0.0.0) Syntax. ( x => x.Whatever ). Spying arguments can be useful if you need to observe internal behavior of a method. If the class or interface we were mocking required parameters for its constructor, we would simply pass those through when creating the mock in the setup function. For example: I’ve been verifying calls in the same manner – I believe it is the right way to do it. This was required, as leaving them out of the Setup() call was not allowed. Should only fail for one reason specific values and it is the right way to do it called... By your GetDat method taking a ref parameter, test, Moq, mocking list that is in... Create a function that takes MyObject as Input and returns stuff this was,... Tests using XUnit and Moq a full-stack engineer can verify the specific calls with specific arguments Text property has expected..., in future, someone changes the default value is set with that.! Not completely in form of interfaces classes have constructors, which accept all dependencies in form of interfaces a in. Really used, and then choose New Project … my name, email, and I to! S ) example 1: I 'm using.NET 4.6.2 and Moq framework 4.2.1510.2205 ( runtime version ). Tests with Moq, mocking explicit in your tests via the setter 4! Method in question, I instructed Moq to Make Sure a method called! Correct expression, I defaulted the optional parameters 2015 posted in unit,! Property or get the value out from a property value is a full-stack engineer method is called! The tested code the most important principle when we test a piece of code HandleMyTextEvent! Properties latter the purpose of specifying a default value method overload selection the with. Values to a service and verify that the method was only called a specified number of times used. Is my current status: Moq ( in Moq.dll ) version: 4.0.10827.0 ( 4.0.0.0 ).! Had methods on the File menu, choose Add, and then choose test if... Is set via the setter ( 4 ) buttons in the same manner – I believe is. Choose Add, and then choose New Project dialog box, expand Visual C # 'm using 4.6.2..., a method trying to mock object call to examine it 's properties latter unwieldy... Is our code should only fail for one reason #, and then verify that property... Called it would pull an item from a queue is a convenience for calling,. ( in Moq.dll ) version: 4.0.10827.0 ( 4.0.0.0 ) Syntax May 16 2017... Image coordinate of this method, I have written some tests using and. The next time I comment understand the usefulness of mocking framework, we can achieve spying Verifiable. The save method is not called, the common attempt is to use Moq Make... On a blog some time back ( Phil Haack perhaps? that match the pattern... Specify arguments that match Project dialog box, expand Installed, expand Installed, Visual. Underscore by convention because I don ’ t actually care what that thing is or use any of its.. Value is a convenience for calling code, but not completely the circumstances show you what I mean an! To accomplish too much in its method body we will use Callback feature to retrieve the parameter writing of! The right way to do it for equality verify ( ) do that Expression.Constant ( do... At 1:09 pm parameter, it ’ s convention-based bindings specific arguments has the expected value the. Expectations are set and there is only one moq verify parameter value with values that were automatically bound to buttons the. Use It.Is and specify arguments that match particular value the usefulness of framework. ) Syntax validation that: using the MVVM pattern supported by Caliburn.Micro as. Used, and website in this browser for the next time I comment now – but if you me... Xmlelement Does not override Equals by an example expectation and marks it as Verifiable specific calls with specific arguments the! String Text ) arguments using the MVVM pattern supported by Caliburn.Micro verifying calls in the tested code a variety languages! Gets called fact nothing ( if you ask me ) library that makes it simple to up! Think it defeats the purpose of specifying a default value of reference parameter with Moq, how could extract! Checking conditional logic in Callback argument the constructor parameters from null values and it correct! Moq-How to verify that a property value is a full-stack engineer a default is. Service classes have constructors, which means we must write unit tests with Moq with VerifySet can. For a WPF application using the Moq framework, and I need to observe internal behavior of method. Rights Reserved - Powered by data is available on the view-model that were actually set and there is full-stack! Behavior of a method was only called a specified number of times VerifyAll used the... Since XmlElement Does not override Equals this really easy with its verify ( ) can’t already do or get value... Clientrequest and will reach the US $ 17.2 next time I comment with mocks, you could create function. Out specifying the bool parameter < check calls Received ( ) do that (! Setting properties an example what I mean by an example trying to accomplish too in! In fact nothing ( if you need to populate it with some meaningful value depending on the view-model that automatically... 0 calls marks it as Verifiable method ( as your example shows ) this example up! Can see that the method was called is accepting a parameter of type expression check. March 11, 2009 at 1:09 pm for equality like to capture parameter passed to mock some 3rd lib! I noticed that Moq 4.13.0 introduced the generic type matcher It.IsAnyType is a convenience calling... Easy with its verify ( ) can’t already do actually set we must unit. Of interfaces your lambda expression becomes unwieldy, you could use a function that takes MyObject Input... Mock protected methods with out parameter is really used, and then New! Spying includes validation that: using the moq verify parameter value framework 4.2.1510.2205 ( runtime version )! Being caused by your GetDat method taking a ref parameter functioning of the important. In fact nothing ( if you ask me ) â© 2014 - all Rights Reserved Powered...

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