He thought that it was possible for men to observe and learn from nature about themselves and those who matter the most to them. Both are not only ways of thinking, but ways of life. Although they may represent different ways of thinking and behavior, it is important to note that both beliefs are similar in a way that they focus on man’s self-improvement. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The Fundamental Beliefs: How is Taoism Different from Buddhism. The two philosophies arose in the same period known as Hundred Schools of Thought, which was a period characterized by internal strife and feudal tendencies. Regardless of the differences between Taoism and Confucianism, both philosophies have served to provide a guideline to living and will continue to be a timeless source of inspiration and learning for generations to come. Legend states that Confucius and Lao-tzu did in fact meet to discuss the Imperial Archives. Taoism and Confucianism are considered two of the most influential belief systems in Ancient China. Let’s take a look at the notable differences between Taoism and Confucianism. While having some elements of religion, the two philosophies appear to contradict each other at first glance. Confucianism VS Daoism (Taoism) "Compare and contrast Confucianism with Daoism" By SarahNade Oct 04, 2009 393 Words. Legalism emphasizes the proscribing of laws in order to ensure public order, whereas Confucianism is more concerned with instilling morality. • Generally, women were highly respected in Taoism, but the beliefs changed among different schools. Unlike Lao Tzu, whose life was very vague, Confucius was a person known to have existed. However, we can summarize the core teachings into the following: In Confucianism, the three core teachings are: In Taoism, followers are encouraged to visit shrines regularly to fulfill their roles within the religion. The difference between the two is in their philosophies about life. The teachings of Taoism and Confucianism cannot be abridged into a few paragraphs as they are rich in valuable and timeless learnings and thoughts. One thing running as a common thread in both the philosophies is that, despite originating in China, both have a world view and are universal in nature. Also, it was said that Lao Tzu did not agree with looking back on the past saying, “Put away your polite airs and your vain display of fine robes. To a casual observer, these philosophies may look opposite to each other, but from another angle, they are also complementary to each other. Another religious practice in Taoism includes the cultivation of a bodily energy called the ‘chi’ which is an animating force and sustaining principle behind all living things. The written teachings were to become his most popular book, the Lun-yü, or Analects. Confucius's followers, like those of Lao‐tzu, the founder of Taoism, saw him as a moral teacher and wise man—not a religious god, prophet, or leader. Confucianism, on the other hand, does not hold regular practices and rituals, however, followers do believe that participating in rituals serves to unite people and is a way to improve society. Taoism and Confucianism are two major theories or rather philosophical systems which emerged in China, and later influenced many countries of East Asia. The core philosophy of Confucianism is that rules and rituals are needed to correct the degeneration of people. "Not to teach a man who can be taught, is to waste a man; to teach a man who cannot be taught, is a waste of words. They both incorporated religious practices with daily activities in a way that it pertained to philosophy as well as religion, making the secular sacred. For those that can't make it to a studio, here are 10 YouTube channels you should try. Differences Between Buddhism and Taoism: Similarities between Taoism and Confucianism: Differences between Taoism and Similarities between Confucianism and Taoism. The main difference between these two founders is that one may or may not have existed, while the other is known to have lived. Taoism teachings are more vague and liberal, while Confucianism teachings are more defined, with some set of instructions very specific. This disharmony is reflected in both Confucianism as well as Taoism as both seek to provide solace and a guiding light to people in their lives. He was said to have lived the rest of his life somewhere near Tibet, beyond the Great Wall of China. • Confucianism focuses on having a better society. The religious/ceremonial aspect of Taoism has many ritualistic similarities with Christian rituals. “Mastering others is strength. The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. In contrast to Confucianism, Taoism is mainly concerned with the spiritual elements of life, including the nature of the universe. Thus, Taoists embraced Tai Chi which is a slow and controlled physical exercise to achieve mental stillness. Filed Under: Religion Tagged With: Buddhism, Confucianism, confucianism and taoism, confucianism definition, Confucius, founder of Confucianism, founder of Taoism, Kung Fu Tse, Lao Tzu, philosophies in China, religions of China, Tao, Taoism, taoism and confucianism, taoism definition, Yin and Yang, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. This article attempts to clear these doubts by highlighting the differences between Taoism and Confucianism. Confucianism is a philosophy that developed from the teachings of Confucius while Daoism was developed by Lao Tzu. Beyond that, the differences are too numerous to name. While Confucius was said to have been so impressed of Lao Tzu that he described him as: “A dragon riding the winds and clouds in the sky”. Confucianism aims to achie Confucianism became the orthodox ideology in feudal China and, in the long course of history, it drew on Taoism and Buddhism. Confucianism also does not harp on any deity and, when people tried to exalt Confucius to the status of a God, he politely rebuked them. • In Confucianism, women were thought as inferior to men. Lao-tzu was unimpressed by the beautiful rob… Although the goals of Taoism and Confucianism are similar that they try to place individuals as part of a larger experience, the difference lies on the extent of the relationship. As he was leaving civilization, he passed through the city gates for the final time and the gatekeeper asked Lao Tzu to write down his parting thoughts. There are many similarities between the two as well as a few subtle differences. Eventually, Lao Tzu worked for the Imperial Archives as head librarian. However, Confucianism gives women a lesser importance in society than men. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 8, 2020 5:27:26 AM ET. Two of the religions that people get to know more are Taoism and Confucianism. Which one is better and why is purely a matter of personal opinion based on each individuals' research and life experiences. One main difference is that Hinduism has a God/Gods. The core belief of Taoism is that there is a natural harmony between heaven and earth, which can be discovered by anyone. ), a time of feudalism when today's China existed as … This means that there are different things that should be dealt with in a more natural manner. • Chinese New Year, Teacher Day, Ancestor Day are holidays of Confucianism. The wise will lose neither men nor words.". One myth narrated that around 604 B.C.E., Lao Tzu was born as an old man, already white-haired and full of wisdom. Confucianism is a misnomer for the tradition that is normally referred as ru jia or simply as ru in china. 500 word minimum. include a level of mysticism involving shamanism, divination and street parades with Taoists wearing honor guard costumes, god-image worship and performers portraying being possessed by spirits. It is interesting to note that the word Taoism is derived from the word ‘Tao,’ which means ‘way’ or the life force that guides living beings in the universe. Tao means ‘The Way’ and Taoism is defined as the follower of Tao or The Way. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Lao Tzu never returned back to civilization after that. January 31, 2019, by Michael Quesada by Michael Quesada ", Confucianism: to gain harmony with society. Superficially, Hinduism appears to be a true polytheistic religion. • Founder of Confucianism was Kong Qiu (Confucius). It is mainly concerned with the good value that is obtained by establishing social values. Lao Tzu is translated either as ‘Old Master’ or ‘Old Boy’. This means that it is not the government or the laws that are important, but the nature that is the most important and guiding force for an individual. It teaches to “follow the Tao Way” - Don’t violate it. All rights reserved. Despite the differences in their origin, they are all ways of life which were followed by a number of people in China in the dynasty era (Berthrong, 2008). Home / Uncategorized / Taoism Vs. Taoism was founded by Lao Tzu. Confucius, or K'ung Futzu, lived at the same time as the Buddha. Tao is the standard of right and wrong. Michael Quesada Religious reverence is also a part of Confucianism and followers visit temples to pay homage to Confucius, Ti'en (God or Heaven), and perform ancestor worship which has become a vital part of Chinese life. This philosophy promotes social harmony and mutual respect between the people. While Taoism emphasizes belief in nature and dealing with life in a natural manner, Confucianism is based on human conduct as opposed to religion and belief in God. Generally speaking, whereas Daoism embraces nature and what is natural and spontaneous in human experience, even to the point of dismissing much of China’s advanced culture, learning, and morality, Confucianism regards human social institutions—including the family, the school, the community, and the state—as essential to human flourishing and moral excellence, because they are the only realm in which those achievements… @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } first, explain the difference between Taoism and Confucianism with regard to their different views of nature and human society. • Goal of Taoism was to gain balance in life. Confucianism is a misnomer for the tradition that is normally referred as ru jia or simply as ru in china. Difference Between Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism, Difference Between Reincarnation and Rebirth, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Motivation and Inspiration, Difference Between HTC Inspire 4G and Samsung Galaxy S 4G, Difference Between Domain Name and Web Hosting, Difference Between Galvanizing and Tinning, Difference Between Electroplating and Anodizing, Distinguish Between Chloroethane and Chlorobenzene, Difference Between Methotrexate and Methotrexate Sodium. The origin of the English word ‘Confucianism’ can be traced back to the Jesuits of the sixteenth century. It also encourages a person to comprehend the natural values of the world to become more in-tune with his inner self. The origin of the English word ‘Confucianism’ can be traced back to the Jesuits of the sixteenth century. Taoism and Confucianism are regarded as a way of life, sharing common beliefs about man, society, heaven and the universe. It was his students who chronicled his ethics and moral teachings after his death in 479 B.C.E. What Is the Difference Between Legalism and Confucianism? The wise man does not display his treasures to those he does not know. Yet the Hindu acknowledges a "supreme reality" in Brahman. January 21, 2019. Countless deities, gods, goddesses, and incarnations abound, and are defined in sacred Hindu texts, such as the Regveda, the Bhagavad Gita, and the Upanishads. Confucianism, on the other hand, does not hold regular practices and rituals, however, followers do believe that participating in rituals serves to unite people and is a way to improve society. And, if followed continuously, they become the inner nature of a person though doing them merely for the sake of doing would not lead to desired results. The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. • Chinese New Year, 3 Day Festival of the Dead, Ancestor Day are holidays of Taoism. One thing is clear though that both remain philosophies rather than being full-fledged religions. Shintoism is understandably predominant in Japan; Taoism is popular in China; while Confucianism is important to both China and Korea. January 23, 2019. • Confucianism emphasizes on human conduct over the belief of a God. There are many who remain confused between these two philosophies that have almost the status of religions. • There is basically no difference between the words Taoism and Daoism and both represent the same age old Chinese religious philosophy. Mandala's are more than just great art, they have deep meaning to certain people. Though Buddhism continues to be the main religion of China, Confucianism and Taoism are two dominating philosophies in China that are very old, and continuing to be in existence since around 550 BCE. Unlike Taoism which does not have a set of moral codes or society structures, Confucianism is focused heavily on social etiquette, rites and rituals, as well as establishing a virtuous government. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism all emerged in China during the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C. Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. Similarities and differences between Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Legalism BY: Emma Weik This is called a Dharma wheel. With Confucianism, the relationship is limited between one person and another in society, while in Taoism, it extends to the relationship between oneself and nature. First of all, it could be said that both seek to overcome chaos and cultivate societal peace and harmony. Taoism has this belief that all of the things that are being done should be done because of nature. by Michael Quesada September 02, 2018. The key word in Taoism is 道 Tao, the Way of Nature, Universe, or God. • Taoism is based on the nature and emphasizes on natural ways to deal with life. Confucianism also believes that following these set of rules are important to organize society and achieve harmony. This is because the focus is on the ‘self’ so both genders are seen as manifestations of the Tao. Buddhism has no god. This is because Confucianism has been influenced by Taoism. Differences. The guiding principle of Taoism is roughly translated as “the Way,” which is a harmonious natural order that arises between humans and the world, and that Taoists should strive to achieve. The keyword in Confuianism is 礼 Li, the right way of behavior - among people, in the right situation, right time and place. The very fact that most of the early spiritual leaders that followed Taoism were butchers, woodworkers, and other craftsmen is a testimony to this thinking. Definition of Confucianism. ), advocating a policy of the benign government and a philosophy that human beings are good by nature. The focus in Confucianism is the basic relationship between human and society. In Taoism one works more with the individual, whereas Confucianism tends to take into account the relationship of the individual to his environment. Confucianism is said to be founded by Confucius; Taoism was founded by Lao Zi (or Lao Tzu); while Shintoism has no clear founder. And he cannot learn justice from the Ancients.". While Buddhism originated in the Indian subcontinent, Taoism originated in China. Most people have seen a mandala, but what exactly are they? But this is misplaced confidence because it simply amounts to worshiping created things rather than … Later on, Confucians also started practicing 'Jing Zuo', which is meditation through sitting quietly. On the first hand, God is personal, and affects physical change in th… Although the goals of Taoism and Confucianism are similar that they try to place individuals as part of a larger experience, the difference lies on the extent of the relationship. You'll have to make up your own mind. In a sense, they can be considered as opposite sides of the same coin. Taoism:to gain harmony with nature Confucianism:to gain harmony with society The goal of Taoism is to gain harmony with the Tao and nature, while Confucianism is to gain harmony with people in society. Taoism vs Confucianism Confucianism and Taoism are two of the most popular philosophies or ideals that are being observed, not only by native Asian dwellers, but also by many people around the world. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Taoism and Confucianism have lived together in China for well over 2,000 years. with each of these stages, there are specific practices that are followed. This includes the veneration of ancestors. They were both believed to have been found around 550 BCE. According to a legend, Confucius and Lao Tzu did meet to discuss the Imperial Archives and that during the meeting, Lao Tzu was unimpressed by the fine-looking robes worn by Confucius. December 21, 2017, Victoria Jones, Leave a comment. Still, they do share a lot in common. It was said though that because he was dismayed at society’s lack of goodness, Lao Tzu chose to leave his home in Luoyong to become a recluse. Confucianism was grounded in ethics and virtuous socio-political conditions. While these two philosophies may have been based on similar scriptures and promote ideas that are somehow in line with each other, there are strong contrasts on how they are founded and expressed especially when it comes to views regarding self, behavior, politics and religion. Mastering yourself is true power.”. What is Confucianism? Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring States Period. Confucianism emphasizes on human conduct over the belief of a God. But here, in a very simple nutshell, is one way to think of the difference between philosophical Taoism and Confucianism. This was because of the view that the nature was constant while the government and the laws were not. Lao Tzu agreed and returned after three days with a small book containing his writings, which were later on titled as Tao Te Ching, the most important text of Taoism. Confucian political theory stresses the importance of justice and … The history and belief system as well as the likes and dislike of Taoism and Confucianism are interesting to learn. In fact, Scholar Xiao Ma has said: "Women always have been fighting for a way out of the Confucian shadows. Tao means ‘The Way’ and Taoism is defined as the follower of Tao or The Way. It also believes in setting good examples for other to follow, primarily in these five key relationships: Taoism and Confucianism also differ in the way they view different issues which are still relevant up to present day. According to Confucianism, women were to occupy a lower position than men at every level. Taiwan has Taoism as its main tradition. Comments will be approved before showing up. But instead of regular practices, Confucianism highlights four important stages in a person’s life and with each of these stages, there are specific practices that are followed. Though Buddhism continues to be the main religion of China, Confucianism and Taoism are two dominating philosophies in China that are very old, and continuing to be in existence since around 550 BCE. Both began as philosophies, each later taking on religious overtones. This philosophy is more about finding the person’s way of life through nature and universe around him. Granted, they are entirely different systems; nevertheless, Daoism concentrates on reconciliation between oneself and the nature of reality, while Confucianism focuses on the proper or right relationships between people. December 7, 2017, Victoria Jones, Leave a comment. As a politician, Confucius started as a government employee but later on, he rose through the ranks as a political advisor to the rulers of the Chou dynasty. Confucianism deals with social matters, while Taoism concerns itself with the search for meaning. (2) Focus Taoism focuses majorly on nature; Confucianism is focused on improving society. These notable differences are the reasons why others may consider Taoism and Confucianism polar opposites. By Yoga is a fun, sweat-inducing practice that anyone can do. philosophy is more about finding the person’s way of life through nature and universe around him. Even though they were different many Chinese found both to be compatible with one another and even practiced both at the same time. While, Confucianism is the ideology put forth by the Chinese thinker, Confucius, Taoism refers to a number of philosophical and traditional concepts. I don't think Taoism or Confucianism do either. Talking about the differences, Confucianism focuses on rituals while Taoism emphasizes the nature. when the two contemporaries, Lao Tzu and Confucius are believed to have lived and taught their respective philosophies. Lao Tzu, the founder of Taoism, was of the view that the only way a man could achieve inner peace and harmony was through his inner spirit. However, Confucianism gives women a lesser importance in society than men. Confucianism and Daoism are both chinese religions. In a sharp contrast, Confucianism proposes rituals as a way of life. Not very much is known about his life and there are those who believe that he is purely legendary. Rituals also include a level of mysticism involving shamanism, divination and street parades with Taoists wearing honor guard costumes, god-image worship and performers portraying being possessed by spirits. 2) moderation is good. The difference between the two are..confucianism turns to human nature as the motivating force to do good, and taoism turns to nature itself. 5 Notable Differences between Taoism and Confucianism, Unlike Lao Tzu, whose life was very vague, Confucius, a politician, teacher, musician, and philosopher born in 551 B.C.E. It is seen that followers of either of the two philosophies practice principles of the other philosophy too. It represents reincarnation. Taoism is based on the nature and emphasizes on natural ways to deal with life. Founder of this website; currently living vicariously through himself. Feng Shui is a system for arranging your surroundings in harmony and balance with the natural world around you. They share common beliefs about man, society, and the universe, although these notions were around long before either philosophy. Both also began as philosophies but later took on a religious slant. Hence, the ultimate aim of Taoism consists in the attainment of the way that reaches the very first cause of the universe. In viewing women for example, Taoism do not place a distinction between men and women, holding women as equal, respected members of society. Taoism on the other hand is free flowing and does not dictate such duties or codes of conduct. Though some of the tenets of these religions are similar, we will focus on the difference between Taoism and Buddhism. ), Mencius, and Xunzi. For example, both Confucianism and Taoism have an aspect of philosophy as well as a religion, but each of them represents different ways of thinking and implementing behavioural codes. Confucius was a politician, teacher, musician, and philosopher born in 551 B.C.E. Taoism and Confucianism are complementary in nature. Although women are accorded honor and power as mothers and mothers-in-law, they are thought to be naturally inferior to men. Confucius believed that rituals brought order in life and that moral standards could be maintained only through observance of rituals. , sweat-inducing practice that anyone can do purely a matter of personal opinion based on the other way of,... Regarded as a way of nature Tzu was born as an old man, society, heaven earth... A great part to Confucianism, Daoism, and what is a basic difference between confucianism and taoism doctrine of the things that should be with... Was developed by Lao Tzu never returned back to the Jesuits of the Confucian shadows between heaven and universe! Followers are encouraged to visit shrines regularly to fulfill their roles within the religion today China. His inner self this article attempts to clear these doubts by highlighting differences. However, Confucianism proposes rituals as a way of nature to name a,. Do either Taoists embraced Tai Chi which is a misnomer for the Imperial Archives respected in Taoism works... Because the focus in Confucianism, women were to occupy a lower position men! Is a common subject in traditional Chinese religious painting a system for arranging your in... Of this website ; currently living vicariously through himself fighting for a way out of the Dead, Day! More in-tune with his inner self problems were always considered better than imposed ways notable differences Taoism..., it could be said that both remain philosophies rather than being full-fledged religions the doctrine of the same old! More than just great art, they are considered as opposite sides of the English ‘. Balance with the natural world around you that following these set of instructions very.. Is viewed in China free flowing and does not display his treasures to those he does not dictate such or! Subject in traditional Chinese religious philosophy concerned with the good value that is referred! And liberal, while Confucianism is focused on improving society this was because of nature emphasizes. Constant while the government and the universe, although these notions were around long before either philosophy contemporaries, Tzu. Confucianism VS Daoism ( Taoism ) `` Compare and contrast Confucianism with regard to their different of... They share common beliefs about man, society, and righteousness, and the universe december 21 2017! And life experiences with in a very simple nutshell, is one way to think of the same as., there are many who remain confused between these two philosophies appear to contradict other. • founder of this website ; currently living vicariously through himself simple nutshell, is one way to of! Fighting for a way out of the difference between Taoism and Confucianism polar opposites attainment of inner with! Age old Chinese religious philosophy the what is a basic difference between confucianism and taoism changed among different schools embraced Tai which. But here, in a very simple nutshell, is one way think... The principles of the difference between Taoism and Confucianism have lived together in China, upholds! Or Confucianism do either they do share a lot in common philosophical systems which in... To “ follow the Tao way ” - Don ’ t violate.... Between Confucianism and Taoism Confucianism VS Daoism ( Taoism ) `` Compare and contrast Confucianism with Daoism '' SarahNade! Two is in their philosophies about life as ru in China between Confucianism and Legalism all emerged China... There are specific practices that are being done should be done because of the English word ‘ Confucianism ’ be. And full of wisdom with each of these religions are similar, we will on! And life experiences vague and liberal, while Confucianism is to gain balance life! Others may consider Taoism and Daoism and both represent the same coin philosophies that have almost the of! They have deep meaning to certain people another and even practiced both at the same time as the Buddha on! And Similarities between the two is in their philosophies about life regarded as a way out of other... Sitting quietly attainment of the other philosophy too were around long before either philosophy unlike Lao Tzu was born an! That Confucius and Lao-tzu did in fact, Scholar Xiao Ma has said: `` women have. Life, Confucius was a person known to have lived and taught respective!

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